Amazon Wildlife Peru Travel

Sandoval Lake Lodge, Amazon Peru, Amazon Wild, Tambopatata Travel

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Travel Life Amazon in Peru or Manu National Park - Manu Biosphere Reserve

Travel Life Amazon  Manu National Park 8days and 7nights .

Travel Life Amazon The Manu Biosphere Reserve:  to the Heart of the Amazon This trip allows you to really relax and experience the beauty of the National Park’s virgin forests. Knowing  that by  spending more time on the trails, rivers, lakes and claylicks increases the chances of spotting the many rare species  found within the National Park.

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*Is composed of 3 main areas a core area (the Manu National Park) devoted to conservation in Peru, a buffer area including indigenous territories and private ecological reserves in amazon, a transition area with biogeographical boundaries and experimental, application and traditional use areas. (Travel Life Amazon).

 

TRAVEL LIFE AMAZON 8days/7 nights

  • Length of Travel: 8 Days /7 Nights of Travel Life Amazon in Peru .
  • Type of service of Travel: Private or Group with Amazon Wildlife in Peru .
  • Location of Travel: District of Madre de Dios, province of Manu,department of Madre de Dios and district of Pilcopata,province of Paucartambo, department of Cuzco.
  • Activities for the travel: Manu National Park, Manu Biosphere Reserve, wildlife, Flora & fauna, Otorongo Lake, Cocha Salvador, Travel Life Amazon , Life Amazon.
  • Habitats :Subtropical humid forests, subtropical rainforest,semi-flooded subtropical rainforest .
  • Eco -Region :Southwestern Amazonian moist forests, Peruvian yungas.
  • Area : 402,335.62 ha  .
  • Altitude the Travel: 400 – 3,600 m.a.s.l.
  • Best time to Visit: March –  December, Recommended trips to Peru;
  • Departure of the Travel: Every  Day to Amazon Wildlife .
  • Minimum of participants: 2 paxs to Amazon Wildlife .
  • Maximum of participants: 10 paxs to Amazon Wildlife .
  • Price per person for the travel: 00.00 us$

Quick Itinerary of the Manu National Park – Travel Life Amazon

Travel Cusco Ninamarca  to Cloud Forest  Manu Pilcopata .

  • Manu Tour . -Departure to the Manu Tour 5:30 a.m. to 6:00 a.m.
  • 1 Lunch , 1 Dinner .
  • Transfer by bus from (Cusco) Hotel .
  • Travel by car from Cusco to Pilcopata 185 km .
  • Visiting Ninamarka 3,700 m.s.n.m ,Pucartambo 2,906 m.s.n.m , Acjanacu 3,490 m.s.n.m .
  • Cloud Forest varies from 500 m to 4000 m above sea level.
  • Guide speak English .
  • Town Pilcopata 700 m.s.n.m.

Pilcopata to Atalaya Port & Boca Manu .

  • Manu Tour – 1 Breakfast, 1 Lunch, 1 Dinner
  • Guide Speak English and Spanish
  • jungle Travel by car from Pilcopata to Atalaya Port 45 minutes
  • Travel by Boat 8 hour from Atalaya Port to Lodge Boca Manu
  • Rubber boots
  • Water
  • Activities: Walk inside to Rainforest to Manu National Park, Night Walk
  • 1 Night in Our Lodge Boca Manu

Manu National Park – Boca Manu Amazon to Otorongo Lake .

  • Manu Tour . 1 Breakfast , 1 Lunch , 1 Dinner .
  • Guide Speak English and Spanish.
  • River Manu Travel by Boat from Boca Manu to Manu reserve -Otorongo lake .
  • Basic Lodge 1 Night .
  • Rubber boots.
  • Water .
  • Activities :Afternoon Exploring Lake Otorongo .
  • Night Activities

Manu National Park – Otorngo Lake and Salvador Lake

  • Manu Tour . -Guide Speak English and Spanish .
  • 5:00 :am get up .
  • 1Breakfast , 1Lunch ,1 Dinner .
  • Basic Lodge 1 Night .
  • Rubber boots.
  • Water .
  • Activities :Afternoon Exploring Lake Otorongo Lake Salvador .
  • Night activities .

Manu National Park Otorongo Lake to Pakitza .

  • Manu Tour . -Guide Speak English and Spanish .
  • 5:00 :am get up .
  • 1Breakfast , 1Lunch ,1 Dinner .
  • Basic Lodge 1 Night Otorongo .
  • Rubber boots.
  • Water .
  • Activities :Afternoon Exploring Lake Otorongo and Pakitza .
  • Night activities .

Manu Reserve Center Biosphere – Otorongo Lake – Boca Manu

  • Manu Tour . -Guide Speak English snd Spanish .
  • 1Breakfast , 1Lunch Dinner .
  • Travel Boat Back from Manu Biosphere to Boca Manu .
  • 1 night in our Boca Manu Lodge .
  • Rubber boots.
  • Water .
  • Night Walk .

Boca Manu &Rainforest Lodge .

  • Manu Tour . -Guide Speak English and Spanish .
  • 1Breakfast , 1Lunch Dinner .
  • Travel Boat Back from Boca Manu to Rainforest Lodge 8 hours .
  • 1 night in our Raindorest Lodge .
  • Rubber boots.
  • Water .
  • Night Walk .

Rainforest Lodge to Port Atlaya & Return Cusco City

  • Manu Tour . -Guide Speak English and Spanish .
  • 5:00 :am get up Parrot Clay Lick .
  • 1Breakfast , 1Lunch .
  • Departure from our Lodge between 8:00 and 8:30 am .
  • Boat Back from our lodge to port Atalaya .
  • Private car for the group awaits us at the port atalaya return to the city of Cusco .
  • Arrival to Cusco between 7:00 and 7:30 pm.
  • End of service .

 

Map of  Travel Life Amazon Manu National Park 8 days/7 Night 

manu national park zone reserve jungle trips

Tour Itinerary

ITINERARY OF  TRAVEL LIFE AMAZON  8 DAY/ 7 NIGHT

Travel Cusco Ninamarca  to Cloud Forest  Manu Pilcopata .

We leave Cusco early in the morning to start our adventurous trip First, we are taken by private transport to the place called Ninamarca to observe pre-Incan “chullpas” (tombs) of the Lupaca’s culture. Then, we continue to Paucartambo, a colonial town with narrow streets and beautiful church, where people still keep their old customs. Then, we ascend to the viewpoint Tres Cruces (3,900 masl) to observe one of the best sunrises of the world! From there, we start descending to the Manu National Park, a place of presence of a cock of the rock (a Peruvian national bird), hummingbirds, strikingly coloured quetzals, trogons, spotted flycatcher and woolly monkey. From flora, we can view a variety of orchids, mosses, ferns, etc. Finally, we get to Pilcopata (700 masl) where we overnight in a jungle lodge after enjoying dinner and shower in Manu National Park – Life Amazon Peru.

Travel Life Amazon day 2: Pilcopata to Atalaya Port & Boca Manu   .

After breakfast, we continue our journey by private car (one and half an hour) towards the port at Atalaya (500 m.a.s.l). There, we board a motorized boat to continue for 7 hour  hour navigating on the Alto Madre de Dios River. Along the rocky riversides, we have a great opportunity to observe the river wildlife like herons, vultures, cormorants and some of 13 monkey species living in Manu! In the afternoon, we reach our next lodge –In the afternoon a short stop at the village of Boca Manu to have refreshing cold beverage. Walks in the afternoon and a night walk to spot caimans in the lake. Night in lodge . Showers and toilets available. Optional flight in at Boca Manu. Manu National Park – Life Amazon Peru.

Travel Life Amazon day 3:  Boca Manu to Otorongo Lake  .

Today, we say good-bye to the Madre de Dios River to change for a navigation on the Manu River offering us other amazing views of a great variety of species living in and around it such as groups of turtles, white caimans, capybaras, jaguar (Panthera onca) resting on a log and watching its territory. In the afternoon, we reach a next jungle lodge called Otorongo that offers us basic rooms with bathrooms. Later on, our Tour Guide takes us to the Otorongo Lake where an observation tower is placed allowing us to watch giant otters living there. During that, the Guide teaches us functions and secrets of the jungle. After that, we return to the lodge to have dinner and spend the night. Optional: A night walk – Life Amazon Peru.

Travel Life Amazon day 4: Boca Manu to Lake Otorongo / Lake Salvador & life Amazon .

Today, we visit the Salvador Lake in our silent rowing boat that allows us observing a family of playful giant river otters, black caimans as well as many rare bird species including a prehistoric bird called shansho . You can be sur that animals here in wild Amazon Manu have never suffered from hunting by people In the afternoon, we return to our lodge near Otorongo Lake to have a rest and sleep. Optional: A night walk.

Travel Life Amazon day 5: Otorongo Lake/ Pakitza/ Manu National Park / Life Amazon .

Today in the morning the group go by boat from Otorongo until Pakitza one the way you have again possibilities to observe a black caimans and many different rare bird .Then you arrive to Pakitza where you explores the trail and observe another kind of mammals. In the afternoon we return to our campsite in Otorongo. NIGTH SAFARI CAMPING. Showers and toilets available . Optional: A night walk in Amazon Life.

Travel Life Amazon day 6: Otorongo Lake to Boca Manu Park.

The call of the red howler monkey (Alouatta seniculus ) will wake us up .We unfortunately need to start our return on Manu river, and one will be able to understand why Manu is so famous for its wildlife. On the river edges you will be able to observe groups of turtles, White Caimans (Caiman cocodrylus), Capybaras (Hydrochaeris) and maybe a Jaguar (Panthera Onca) resting on a log and observing its territory. Past the Nigth in Lodge with Showers and toilets available After dinner, we overnight – Life Amazon Peru.

Travel Life Amazon day 7:  & Rainforest Lodge -Hiking in the jungle/ Manu National Park .

After the breakfast we continues by boat along the rivers Madre de Madre de Dios ,where there are ,option for to observe more birds, then when you arrive to Lodge Rainforest you can walk for the trail in Lodge Rainforest. Night in Lodge with toilet and shower shared.
Optional: A night walk in the Manu Nature Travel Life .

Travel Life Amazon day 8: Rainforest Lodge Manu & Atalaya Port Return Cusco .

We wake up very early today to go by boat to see a 10 minute far away parrot clay lick After that, we get back to the lodge where we are served breakfast adding us energy, for our last travel so that we are able to board a motorized boat and start navigating towards the Atalaya Port. Our private vehicle awaits us there to take us back to Cusco. We arrive there approximately between 6 and 6:30 pm.

End of jungle travel services with Amazon Wildlife

INCLUDES / NOT INCLUDES

 

Includes in the Travel Life Amazon 8 days:

  • A professional naturalist Tour Guide – Travel Life Amazon in Peru .
  • Motorboat transportation for amazon life .
  • Private vehicle land transportation for amazon life .
  • Entrance  Fee to  Reserved Zone of the Manu National Park .
  • A professional Cook of amazon wildlife .
  • Meals: 7 Breakfast , 8  Lunch  , 7  Dinner and drinking water (Please note: vegetarian option upon request for no extra cost) .
  • Accommodation: 7 Nights in our lodge .
  • First aid kit, including a poison extractor, mosquito bite treatment and an antidote for a snake bite;
  • Radio communications for amazon life .
  • Rubber boots for amazon life.

Not includes in the Travel Life Amazon 8 days:

  • Any flight nor airport departure taxes .
  • Travel insurance .
  • Vaccination for Travel Life Amazon in Peru .
  • Breakfast on the first day and Dinner on the last day .
  • Drinks .
  • Tips to local staff.

What to Take with you Travel Life Amazon 8 days:

  • Mosquito repellent (DEET 35 recommended as a MINIMUM) .
  • Original passport for life amazon .
  • Small backpack – life amazon .
  • Long sleeved cotton shirts (preferably green coloured) .
  • Long cotton trousers .
  • Cotton long socks (to be put into your trousers) .
  • Comfortable walking shoes – life amazon .
  • Sandals or light shoes – life amazon .
  • Rain gear (e.g. rain poncho) .
  • Swimsuit .
  • Binoculars (we also rent it) – life amazon .
  • Camera and its charger – life amazon .
  • Plastic bags to be used for clothes and a camera .
  • A hat as a protection against the Sun or rain .
  • Toiletries .
  • Small towel .
  • Toilet paper .
  • Sun cream .
  • Sunglasses – life amazon .
  • Flashlight (with spare bulb and batteries) .
  • A bottled water (1 litre as a minimum) .
  • Pocket money (Soles) to buy some beverages and souvenirs as well as to tip.

LODGE

LODGE WITH AMAZON WILDLIFE

After lunch we move to ‘Jaguar Lake’, Cocha Otorongo, where we make use of a 20m high observa tion tower to view birds and wildlife in the forest canopy  and in the lake itself. Descending from the tower we’ll  then make use of extensive forest trails before returning to the Machiguenga Lodge for the night. (B,L,D

 

TOUR GALLERY

MANU AMAZON TRAVEL LIFE  .GALLERY .

Mascotania Macaw Monitoring Programme : The Blue-headed macaw has been classed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, meaning it is threatened with extinction. Decreasing populations are thought to be due to a combination of exploitation for the pet trade and loss of habitat through deforestation and increased human disturbance. So far Crees has found a decrease in the number of blue-headed macaws using the clay lick over the last few years, correlating with an increase in tourist numbers. The monitoring and education efforts hope to reduce disturbance to the macaws and allow ecotourism to make a positive contribution towards their conservation. Volunteers arrive at a river island before dawn each morning to monitor the clay lick. They record the number and activity of parrots and macaws and any observedtourist impacts. Crees builds a new blind each year and develop interpretive information for tourists and guides about issues faced by this flagship species.

Avian monitoring in different stages of forest regeneration :Crees’ field site location is one of the best places for bird watching in the world. Bird species composition and diversity can signify many different things about the forest, such as forest type, structure, age, health, and level and type of human impact. Hunting pressure and habitat fragmentation through roads and deforestation can largely affect bird populations. For example, healthy populations of game birds such as guans, tinamous and trumpeters indicate low to zero hunting pressure, whilst the presence of a highly specialist species such as the harpy eagle may indicate undisturbed primary forest. This is important as not only is the ecology of many of these tropical foothill species poorly known, but the true value of regenerating forest for birds is understudied. Volunteers conduct early morning transects along the reserve to listen and look for birds.

Herpetology Project (Amphibians and Reptiles) : Amphibians are excellent indicator species as they are extremely vulnerable to changes in their environment. They have very thin skin which they use for gas exchange, and this makes them very sensitive to chemical pollutants and also to changes in climate (e.g. temperature and humidity). This means that they are one of the most important bio-indicator species on the reserve, but it also means they are incredibly vulnerable, and are threatened by human activity the world over. Studying the way they use regenerating forest is therefore vital for assessing its conservation value. The Crees Foundation research team has published two rapid colour guides through The Field Museum for amphibians and reptiles. They have also reported new frog records for Manu and Peru and have published a guide
Amphibians of the Manu Learning Centre and other areas in the Manu region. Crees’ is currently preparing a number of manuscripts for publication in international scientific journals using herpetological data from the Crees Foundation’s research programme. These relate to themes such as the herpetofauna biodiversity in regenerating forests and how different methodologies can lead to different conclusions about the conservation value of herpetofauna. In the MLC´s regenerating forest they have discovered a new species for science, Ameerega shihuemoy, as well two species of Pristimantis (rain frogs) and potential new species of Noblella and Hyloscirtus which are currently being investigated and described in partnership with collaborators. The Crees Foundation invests considerable effort in disseminating our results and their importance among very diverse groups of people. They run regular training for international volunteers, deliver public engagement activities for local communities and visitors, have been part of national and international conferences, and run an internship programme where national and international students learn in-depth about research methodologies, conservation issues and local sustainable development.
Butterflies :  Butterflies are significant bio-indicators and are important in ecosystems as pollinators to many plant species. The Crees is doing is to create an inventory of the butterfly species at their field site, and gain an understanding of their distribution between the forests types that differ in their disturbance level. Butterflies are relatively easy to sample and the fruit feeding Nymphalidaes are relatively easy to identify. They are good indicators of the quality of habitat and are sensitive to any changes, which means that they are an ideal indicator group to study when looking at regenerating forest. By comparing species presence and abundance in forest types we can gain a further understanding of the value of regenerating rainforest and different disturbance histories. Interns and volunteers set up butterfly nets baited with fermented banana at three heights in the three main forest types. Butterflies are retrieved from the net and identified using field guides created from species previously found at the site.

Mammal monitoring project : Crees aim is to understand the importance of regenerating rainforest as habitat for different mammal species. Large mammals such as the jaguar (Panthera onca) are regarded as umbrella species; a charismatic species often focused on when making conservation and important ecological decisions that
indirectly provides protection for less charismatic animals that share its habitat. So far more than 40 large mammal species have been recorded at the field location through survey methods such as transects, camera traps and tracking. The camera traps have suggested they have recorded 13 individual jaguars at the field site since 2010. Due to the elusive nature of many mammalspecies, some of the mammal research is quite ad-hoc. Mammal prints are recorded during early morning surveys and through incidental sightings. Seasonal camera traps are also used to facilitate the understanding of the way mammals use regenerating forest.

Past Projects – Forest Regeneration Project (Biomass, Canopy & Tree Phenology) The history of the MLC reserve makes it a natural research lab for investigating the effects of different land uses on regenerating forest – from the 1950’s to 1980’s it was used for logging, agriculture and pastureland. Crees is able to study the flora and successively changing dynamics of disturbed forest. This is a unique opportunity and one which is of international importance, given how much rainforest is destroyed globally each year. They do this by collecting litter – leaves, seeds and sticks – as they fall from the trees in different forest types, then drying and weighing them, and recording their mass. There are three parts to the forest regeneration project: leaf litter collection where fallen organic matter is sorted, dried and weighed, tree phenology and canopy photos. This is part of an ongoing project in partnership with Oxford University. Monitoring changes in the biomass levels within the MLC will allow them to gather information about the regeneration rate of the forest and determine whether the reserves of carbon in the forest are changing. By gathering data on carbon storage and sequestration of the regenerating forest, a value could be put on the forest which could prove useful in preventing further deforestation under the REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) scheme.

Bio-indicators project :Many invertebrate groups, such as orchid bees and dung beetles are used as focal taxa in environmental disturbance studies due to their ideal characteristics as bioindicators. Some orchids are entirely dependent on orchid bees for pollination and reproduction and some species of orchid bees will also visit many other plants to meet their needs. This makes orchid bees very important pollinators in tropical forests. Many dung beetle species show a graded response to various kinds of disturbance. Studying dung beetles can help us assess the ecosystem health and function which may be a directly related to human disturbance.

Biogarden research: The Manu Learning Centre has a biogarden which is used for research purposes. They want to know which are the best methods for producing the greatest yield of fruit and vegetable for the smallest space. This information is then fed back to the community project staff who direct work locally on the ground in their beneficiaries’ biogardens. Everything grown is carefully looked after by volunteers, weighed, measured and then used by the MLC kitchen. Crees works specifically with local mothers to combat malnutrition, by providing resources and knowledge to build biogardens that produce nutritious, fresh food for families, and extra income through surplus crops. So far volunteers and local mothers have created over 60 family biogardens, and have helped build two institutional biogardens. Since beginning the work with biogardens in 2009, this has resulted in an annual increase in income for the direct beneficiaries of biogardens, and an increase in child nutrition and health.

Sustainable Initiatives (working with local communities) : Crees works with local communities in Manu to create sustainable livelihoods that meet the many challenges that they face. Poverty and low educational standard combined with malnutrition forces many families into unsustainable work such as illegal logging, slash and burn agriculture, and mining. Not only are these often dangerous and unhealthy, with little financial return, they also contribute to rainforest destruction. The aim is to improve the health and economic wealth of families in Manu, through practices that also protect and help recover the rainforest. To date their community projects continue to positively impact the local community. IMPORTANT: Crees works under ethically responsible policies where they employ local people to work on their community projects. Please note that because of this, community project work for volunteers only takes up a small portion of individual volunteer itineraries during times of high volunteer numbers.

Agroforestry : The Crees agroforestry plots are planted in conjunction with local farmers, and provide both short and longterm income using sustainable wood and banana production models. This is an environmentally sustainable alternative to illegal logging activities in the surrounding forest. Agroforestry encourages species diversity, increases soil nutrition, and creates carbon credits that can be sold to further support the project. Crees works on agroforestry plots spanning over 60 hectares. It was the first organisation in Peru to commercilalise carbon credits on behalf of the local community, sold to Oriel College, Oxford University

Capacity building : 60% of Peru’s land surface is covered by rainforest and with tourism as the third largest – and fastest growing – industry in Peru, the need for knowledgeable and motivated professionals who will advocate for the Amazon has never been higher. Crees is working with the local community to provide students with the tools to use their environment both sustainably and to their maximum advantage; establishing livelihoods which link rainforest protection and prosperity. Volunteers assist Crees staff with local student visits to the Manu Learning Centre. Despite living in one of the most biodiverse places in the world, local people do not often get the chance to venture into the forest – private or reserved land that is protected from anthropogenic activities. Crees wants to give local students the opportunity to explore the forest, meet people from different cultural backgrounds and nparticipate in conservation research activities. Volunteers also play a large role in teaching the local staff and Peruvian Interns (pasantes) English, and in return learn some Spanish while they’re at it!

Other support : As with any survey, scientific research involves much more than going out and studying flora and fauna – there is a whole lot of work that goes on behind the scenes to make conservation research possible. Volunteer help is required to help maintain the equipment which may be set up in the forest for long periods of time. Volunteers may also be involved in making equipment, such as butterfly traps. And of course, once the data is collected it must go somewhere! Volunteers may be scheduled on to data entry which is a good time to rest their legs. This ‘behind the scenes’ work is incredibly important as without it, they wouldn’t be able to get out in the field and is a great opportunity for volunteers to fully experience what conservation research is all about! Volunteers also assist the chefs prepare meals in the kitchen. This is a great opportunity to learn some traditional Peruvian recipes and practice some Spanish.
A learning experience :Crees aims for every volunteer to have an engaging, learning experience during their programme. Starting with cultural explanations during programme orientation in Cusco, the Crees volunteer programme is packed with opportunities to learn more about the place, the people and global issues. We run regular talks, presentations, debates and workshops every week so there is always something to be involved in!

 Former river curves in the Manu Rivers constantly changing course, the Manu reserves ox-bow lakes are one of  the regions hidden gems. Using a catamaran we venture silently out on the ‘Cocha Salvador’. The slow moving  platform is an excellent viewpoint to observe the lake’s  diverse wildlife, from lurking black caimans to basking turtles and punkish Hoatzin bird, comic and rather unbal-anced lake residents. We’ll be keeping a special eye out  for the lake’s resident Giant Otters who patrol the lakes in groups of up to perhaps 8-10 individuals. Efficient hunt -ers of fish and even Caimans, these rare creatures are the World’s largest Otters, growing up to 2 m in length

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Indigenous Ecotourism in the Amazon Wildlife :

Amazon Wildlife Peru . Ecotourism can capture biodiversity values and provide incentives for conservation, and many integrated conservation and development projects include an ecotourism component. One key assumption behind this strategy is that ecotourism businesses can achieve financial viability. This paper presents a financial case study of the well-known community-based ecotourism lodge ‘Casa Matsiguenka to Amazon Wildlife Peru ’, owned by an indigenous Matsigenka population in Manu National Park (Peru), only the second such project to be thoroughly analysed in the literature. Built and financed from 1997 to 2003 with German official aid, the lodge’s revenues have only just exceeded operating costs and have not covered the costs of infrastructure replacement, thereby failing to secure long-term business sustainability. Wages and income from handicraft sales have covered about a third of individual cash needs in the two participating communities, but communal income from lodge operating profits (for example to pay for community infrastructure, health care or education) has been minimal. The lodge’s difficulties are attributed largely to a flawed business plan in which the lodge has sold its services to its own competitors, a group of ecotourism agencies that have used their lobbying power to create a cartel in Manu. In a narrow analysis, the return on investment for this project has been approximately one-third of what could have been achieved to date by merely investing the start-up grant monies in a bank account and paying the interest directly to the Matsigenka communities in exchange for conservation actions. Broader analysis indicates the modest income and slow pace of business so far has permitted gradual social and economic adaptation on the part of culturally conservative indigenous communities. Moreover, the lodge project has generated processes of social and political organization, and sustained positive contact with Peruvian national society, which can be counted among its successes. The lodge has helped produce dialogue between the Park administration and the Matsigenka communities, a process that could ultimately result in co-management agreements that help to resolve people-park conflicts in the Park to Amazon Wildlife .

MANU NATIONAL PARK TRAVEL LIFE

With an extension of 1 532 806 Ha the Manu National Park is one of the largest units of its kind in the country and one of the largest in the tropical zone of the planet this Amazon Peru . Together with the Manu Reserved Zone and the Cultural Zone, it is the so called Manu Biosphere Reserve, which reaches an area of ​​almost two million hectares, comparable to half the territory of Switzerland. It is located in the departments of Cusco and Madre de Dios and covers the whole of the Manu River basin in Amazon Peru . This conservation unit protects an impressive succession of altitudinal floors ranging from 365 masl, reaching altitudes above 4 000 m. It is considered that this territory constitutes one of the tropical forests of greater natural wealth of the world. From time immemorial, the jungles of Cusco and Mother of God exerted a powerful attraction on the inhabitants of other regions. Already in pre-Hispanic times, repeated attempts to dominate and expand its agricultural frontier led the Incas to venture into the tropical forests. This is how Tupac Inca Yupanqui, at the end of the fifteenth century, discovered the Madre de Dios River, known at that time as Amarumayo or serpent river, and opens the entrance route to the east. During the time of the Conquest many expeditions that moved mainly by the search for gold enter the jungles of the Amazonian southeast. Later it would be the evangelizing missionaries who would persist in the attempt, founding the missions of San Luis del Manu (1908) and Pantiacolla (1922). Both failed, establishing themselves later the mission of Shintuya (1958), which continues to this day on the banks of the Alto Madre de Dios River. Already in the Republic, the rubber boom caused strong pressure on the resources of the Manu area in amazon peru . In 1890, Carlos Fermin Fitzcarrald discovered a passage that connects the basins of the Ucayali and Madre de Dios rivers through an isthmus between the rivers Serjali, a tributary of the Mishagua, and the Cashpajali, a tributary of the Manu national park amazon peru . Over the next two decades, adventurers and merchants exploited the forests along the new route, extracting abundant rubber, especially from the Lower Manu area in amazon peru . The labor supply originated from the exploitation of rubber, the collection of latex and the surrogate trade increased the population in the southeast of the country in such a way that, in 1912, the Government created the department of Madre de Dios. Its capital, Puerto Maldonado, had been founded ten years earlier. After a few decades of overexploitation of the resources of the region and abuse of the indigenous populations by the extractors, the rubber trees began to be scarce. At the same time, during the decade of the twenties, the success of the Asian plantations made the rubber industry of Peru and Brazil break. However, the pressure on resources would not cease. The fur finders and the extractors of valuable woods, such as cedar and mahogany, systematically entered the area, even building a runway in Boca Manu. Over the years, man’s action became less noticeable in the area. Its inaccessibility and the increase in operating costs made this distant region for extractors less attractive. When the interference caused by the man ceased, the forest began to regenerate. It was only in 1967, and at the request of the Hunting Forestry Service of the National Agrarian-La Molina University, British adviser Ian Grim-wood was invited to Peru. The naturalist expert was hired by the Peruvian State to locate three areas of the country rich in natural diversity and where the human alteration was minimal or zero, in order to establish in them areas dedicated to the conservation of nature. Grimwood traveled intensely through the national territory and did not find what he was looking for. He was about to leave the country when, fortuitously, he made contact with Celestino Kalinowski, a resident naturalist in the jungle of Cusco who had visited the Manu repeatedly. At his insistence Grimwood agreed to travel to Manu. The reaction was immediate in view of the exceptional characteristics and abundance of flora and fauna of the region: Grimwood recommended to the Forest Service the establishment of a large national park in the Manu River basin. Subsequently, after the studies carried out by the technicians of the General Directorate of Forestry and Wildlife and the Ministry of Agriculture, the definitive limits and their current area were established in 1973.

FLORA AND FAUNA. Given its geographic location at the base of the Andes, and the abruptness of its physiography, the Manu presents a wide range of climates and landscapes. From the cold springs, at more than four thousand meters of altitude, to the torrid floodplains of the Amazon, through exuberant cloud forests and dwarf forests of height, this climatic variety, together with the differences of relief and types of soil, originates a great natural diversity, both in species of flora and fauna. About ninety percent of the territory of the Park is in lands that correspond to the low forest. The remaining ten percent belongs to the Andean eastern foothills (high jungle and puna). The flora of the Manu is extraordinarily diverse. More than 2,000 species of vascular plants have been recorded in their forests. Up to five well-defined plant formations are recognized in its territory: the tropical forest, with abundant stands of commercially important species almost disappeared from the rest of the Amazon (cedar, mahogany, screw, among others), trees up to 60 m high, lianas of the width of an ox, and hanging gardens of brómelas and aráceas that form a tight canopy, getting to prevent the passage of the light of the sun; subtropical forests, with species of multiple application in the fields of medicine, human nutrition and pharmacology; the fog forests, with their myriads of orchids, lichens, tree ferns and giant begonias; the dwarf forests, mysterious and almost unknown to science, and finally the Andean highlands. The fauna is one of the most numerous and best studied of the Amazon jungle. It has been established that the number of species in the vicinity of the Cocha-Cashu Biological Station is higher than in Europe. Up to thirteen species of primates, five felines, one thousand species of birds, about one hundred species of bats, and until recently unknown varieties of fish, amphibians, reptiles and insects have been registered, leaving many more to be found. identify. The Manu is also habitat for vulnerable or endangered species, such as the Andean bear, the taruca, the black lizard and the giant river otter or wolf, all of them almost extinct in the rest of the continent, but with populations still numerous in the scope of the National Park. See frolicking the river wolves in a cocha, watching a jaguar dislying placidly on a log or appreciating the arrival of hundreds of macaws to one of the cliffs of mineral-rich clay cliffs where flocks of these birds flock daily constitute one of the most exciting and beautiful spectacle of nature.

NATIVE POPULATION.
The Manu is also home to indigenous peoples who have lived in harmony with nature for millennia. Rivers such as the Alto Madre de Dios and Manu are traditional places of settlement of various ethnic groups: Machiguengas, yora or yaminahuas, mashcopiro and amahuaca. The populations of some of these ethnic groups are very small. In some cases, whole groups of these maintain only sporadic contacts with the modern world. Some have even chosen to avoid any link with the outside. These cultures, their customs, their techniques of forest use and their vision of nature, have been little studied and constitute an inexhaustible source of knowledge and ancestral wisdom in the use and use of their environment. Much of the indigenous population of the Manu is scattered in the forests of the Park. Grouped in family units, the natives maintain a seminomade way of life, traveling through established circuits through the forests. This ancestral practice stems from the group’s food needs in relation to the supply of resources that the forest offers them throughout the year. Thus, in times of drought, groups move to parts inside to manu national park .

 

MORE TOURIST INFORMATION WITH AMAZON WILDLIFE EN PERU .

Travel Life Amazon 8D/7N: The Manu Biosphere Reserve is situated in Southeastern Peru where it covers 1.9 million hectares. Around 6500 Quechua and 2000 Amazonian peoples are living inside the Reserve (Travel Life Amazon). The Manu Biosphere Reserve to Amazon Wildlife is concerned by 3 major biogeographical provinces (the Puna, the Yungas and the Amazonian provinces in Peru). It ranges from 200 to 4020 m a.s.1. (Travel Life Amazon).

Combinated with topographic, soil and climate conditions; the Manu Biosphere Reserve is characterized by a very hight level of diversity (Natural World Heritage Site). Some of the wildlife species are endangered (Travel Life Amazon). conservation and development project of the Manu Biosphere Reserve – Peru  to Amazon Wildlife , aims to manage the resource base, to improve social and economic development and to extend conservation the amazon. Technical and financial cooperation to these activities is made possible through different projects conducted by FPCN and APECO. (Travel Life Amazon).

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Amazon Wildlife .The biological station of Cocha Cachu alows to carry out different researches on biological species. and ecosystems in Peru (Travel Life Amazon). An inventory of the biodiversity was undertaken in the Manu Reserve Zone since 1987 in Peru. Planning and monitoring research are also performed in the core and buffer areas in amazon Wildlife . An applied research programme aims to set up sustained management of iological resources such as Cedrela odorata and Podocnemis unifilis. Since 1991 an agroforestry project has been initiated (soil fertility, fallow agriculture) and complemented by studies on animal husbandry systems, fodder for ruminants and fishery resources. (Travel Life Amazon).

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the Amazon Wildlife Indigenous population’s ownership of the land is recognized by the State – Peru (traditional use area). Colonization around thenational park took place during the forties with logging and farming activities in amazon – Peru. Resident populations have access to natural resources through mining in amazon Wildlife , logging in amazon subsistence farming in amazon and cattle raising in amazon – Peru Wildlife .

THE PERUVIAN AMAZON WILDLIFE  .

The Peruvian Amazon Wildliofe  and its people Trvel Life Amazon Interestingly, countries that have a high biodiversity are in turn countries with a great cultural diversity and Peru Trvel Life Amazon Wildlife  does not escape this realization. The Peruvian Amazon has a low population density, 4.86 inhabitants per km2 compared to the 21.18 inhabitants per km2 of the country. The Amazonia Travel Life represents 14.2% of the inhabitants of Peru. The 2005 census gives a population of 3 872 318 inhabitants, concentrated in large cities like Iquitos, Pucallpa and Tarapoto. This figure includes all the inhabitants of the regions of Loreto, San Martín, Ucayali Madre de Dios and Amazonas, as well as those of the Amazonian territories of Travel Life of Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huánuco, Junín, Pasco, Puno, Huancavellca, La Libertad and Plura. For indigenous groups or native Amazonian peoples, called natives in Peru Amazon Travel Life, it is estimated a population of 300 000 to 400 000 inhabitants, widely scattered throughout the Amazonian territory travel life. (National Institute of Statistics and Informatics) in its last census of the Amazonian Indigenous populations of 2007 Indicates that they are divided into 13 ethno-linguistic families and 60 ethnic groups can be found within them. In our Amazonia travel life, for example the jungles of the Upper Rio Purús, border with Brazil, there are still some territories where the so-called “Indigenous Groups in voluntary isolation” still live. They are those who do not want to be contacted and use other Indigenous groups to communicate. Unfortunately they are being threatened by informal loggers, since they still inhabit extensive primary forests full of high value forest species. Also drug trafficking and informal mining are threats that hover over them. There have been recent clashes between them and the settlements near their territories. It is they who have left in great quantity to attack these new settlements of migrants creating the fear and bewilderment. The peoples originating from the Amazon have a great cultural diversity among them. Even within the same linguistic group we can find van before significant in terms of customs, oral traditions and ways of relating to the environment. Moreover, the Amazonian peoples of the high jungle fulfilled a function of articulation between the Andean peoples and the indigenous peoples of the low jungle. This is a constant that can be seen both in the .Ecuador, as in Peru and some areas of eastern Bolivian. The work “East of the Andes” describes this with abundant precisión 14. Relations of cultural and economic exchange, conflicts and mutual discoveries of the territories of Andean inhabitants and high Amazonian travel life, were some of the characteristics that marked these functions. See how we also find in this region of the high jungle a series of archaeological remains that establish a border between the Ande and the Amazonia travel life, just to name a few: Kuelap in Amazonas Wildlife , Pajatén on the border between Libertad and San Martín, Kotosh In Huánuco, Choquequlrao in Apurímac and Machu Picchu in Cusco.These are a kind of markers between different cultural universes and of which we still do not know much about the relations that established between the Ande and the Amazonia travel life .Indeed it is true that the towns Originating are a fundamental reference for the Amazon basin Wiuldlife Peru , we can not fail to mention the different migratory waves that had the Amazon after the arrival of Europeans. Portuguese and Spanish were the first to venture into these lands that awoke the imagination and also greed. However, little by little nature was teaching these new visitors how different this territory was from that of temperate climates of the Iberian peninsula and how necessary it was to learn to adapt to these new challenges of nature. Gradually, expeditionaries, scientists, travelers, missionaries, merchants, authorities of the crown and military … representatives of many of the kingdoms of that time, began to discover some of the secrets of these lands. Forest riches, species such as vanilla or fruits such as cocoa that will give the world the chocolate or bark of the quinine tree to cure malaria, are some of the first Amazonian  travel Peru contributions to the world. Already in the era of the emerging South American republics the rubber fever will mark a history of pain and violence particularly against the native peoples. They were enslaved to work on the plantations of these trees, recalling the fateful periods of colonial times when they were decimated by diseases or Portuguese pennants that captured Indians to reduce them to slavery. Epics like those of the Bohemian Jesuit missionary (territory of the present Czech Republic) Father Samuel Fritz between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries are worth mentioning in teh Amazon Wildlife Peru .

 

 

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