Travel Amazon Wildlife – Manu National Park
Travel Amazon Wildlife: Due to its location in the north eastern sector of the Peruvian territory, next to the equator and in the transition zone between the Andes and the Amazonian plains of Peru, the Amazonas Region presents diverse gradients of ecological altitude zones that generate a varied mosaic of ecosystems and life zones, which in turn contain a high species diversity of flora and fauna, of which many are considered endemic and of high value and a priority for the conservation at regional, national and global levels (Amazon Wildlife).
COCHA OTORONGO MANU NATIONAL PARK: On the short trail to the lake, sightings of some of the 13 species of monkeys that inhabit the surrounding forest are common. Boats are not permitted on the lake but there are two dock platforms and a 15-metre high tower from which the lake’s wildlife can be observed. There’s a good chance of sighting the resident family of giant otters and perhaps the prehistoric hoatzin bird. Return to the tented camp in the late
Travel Amazon Wildlife 7days
- Length of Travel: 7 Days /6 Nights a Travel Amazon Wildlife.
- Type of service of Travel: Private or Group with Amazon Wildlife in Peru .
- Location of Travel: Southern Peru, Madre de Dios Department, Manu National Park, Manu Tour.
- Activities for the travel: Manu National Park, Manu Biosphere Reserve, Cusco, Puerto Maldonado, Cloud Forest, Pilcopata, Puerto Atalaya, Boca Manu, Wildlife Rainforest Lodge, Otorongo lake, lake Salvador
- Altitude the travel: 600 – 4,000 m.a.s.l.
- Best time to visit: March – December, Recommended trips to Peru;
- Departure of the travel: Every Day to Amazon Wildlife .
- Minimum of participants: 2 paxs to Amazon Wildlife .
- Maximum of participants: 10 paxs to Amazon Wildlife .
- Price per person for the travel: 00.00 us$
Quick Itinerary of the Manu National Park – Travel Amazon Wildlife
Cusco – Ninamarca – Pilcopata Town Manu National Park Reserve
- Departure to the Manu Tour 5:30 a.m. to 6:00 a.m.
- 1 Lunch , 1 Dinner .
- Transfer by bus from (Cusco) Hotel .
- Travel by car from Cusco to Pilcopata 185 km .
- Visiting Ninamarka 3,700 m.s.n.m ,Pucartambo 2,906 m.s.n.m , Acjanacu 3,490 m.s.n.m .
- Cloud Forest varies from 500 m to 4000 m above sea level.
- Guide speak English .
- Town Pilcopata 700 m.s.n.m.
Pilcopata Town and Atalaya Port to Rainforest Lodge .
- Manu Tour 1 Breakfast ,1 Lunch , 1 Dinner .
- Guide Speak English .
- jungle Travel by car from Pilcopata to Atalaya Port 45 minutes .
- Travel by Boat 8 hour from Atalaya Port to Lodge Boca Manu .
- Rubber boots.
- Water .
- Activities : Walk inside to Rainforest to Manu National Park , Night Walk
- 1 Night in Our Lodge Boca Manu .
Rainforest Lodge to Boca Manu – Reserve Center .
- Manu Tour .1 Breakfast , 1 Lunch , 1 Dinner .
- Guide Speak English .
- River Manu Travel by Boat from Boca Manu to Manu reserve -Otorongo lake .
- Basic Lodge 1 Night .
- Rubber boots.
- Water .
- Activities :Afternoon Exploring Lake Otorongo .
- Night Activities .
Manu Reserve Center Exploring Coccha Otorong and Salvador Lakes .
- Manu Tour Guide Speak English and Spanish .
- 5:00 :am get up .
- 1Breakfast , 1Lunch ,1 Dinner .
- Basic Lodge 1 Night .
- Rubber boots.
- Water .
- Exploring Lake Otorongo Lake Salvador .
- Night activities .
Biosphere Reseve Center to Otorongo Lake Exploring..
- Manu Tour Guide Speak English and Spanish .
- Guide Speak English .
- From Manu Biosphere to Boca Manu Lodge 1 Night .
- Rubber boots.
- Water .
- Exploring Flora and Fauna .
- River Manu Travel by Boat from Cocha Otorongo to Boca manu .
- Night walk
Manu Biosphere Reserve Otorongo Lake and Back to Boca Manu Rainforest Lodge .
- Manu Tour Guide Speak English snd Spanish .
- 1Breakfast , 1Lunch Dinner .
- Travel Boat Back from Boca Manu to Rainforest Lodge 8 hours .
- 1 night in our Raindorest Lodge .
- Rubber boots.
- Water .
- Night Walk .
Rainforest Lodge Manu & Atalaya Port Back to Cusco ..
- Manu Tour Guide Speak English and Spanish .
- Guide Speak English .
- 5:00 :am get up Parrot Clay Lick .
- 1Breakfast , 1Lunch .
- Departure from our Lodge between 8:00 and 8:30 am .
- Boat Back from our lodge to port Atalaya .
- Private car for the group awaits us at the port atalaya return to the city of Cusco .
- Arrival to Cusco between 7:00 and 7:30 pm.
- End of service .
Map of Travel Amazon Wildlife 7days and 6nights
Travel Amazon Wildlife 7 days / 6 nights
Travel Amazon Wildlife day 1: Cusco – Ninamarca – Pilcopata Town Manu National Park Reserve
We leave Cusco early in the morning to start our adventurous trip! First, we are taken by private transport to the place called Ninamarca to observe pre-Incan “chullpas” (tombs) of the Lupaca’s culture. Then, we continue to Paucartambo, a colonial town with narrow streets and beautiful church, where people still keep their old customs. Then, we ascend to the viewpoint Tres Cruces (3,900 masl) to observe one of the best sunrises of the world! From there, we start descending to the Manu National Park, a place of presence of cock of the rock (a Peruvian national bird), hummingbirds, strikingly coloured quetzals, trogons, spotted flycatcher and woolly monkey. From flora, we can view a variety of orchids, mosses, ferns, etc. Finally, we get to Pilcopata (700 masl) where we overnight in Tikari Lodge after enjoying dinner and shower.
Travel Amazon Wildlife day 2: Pilcopata Town and Atalaya Port to Rainforest Lodge .
After breakfast, we get on our private vehicle to ride for one and half an hour to the main port of the Manu National Park – Atalaya (500 masl). There, we board a motorized boat to continue for about 7 hours navigating on the Madre de Dios River. Along the river, we have a great opportunity to observe various species such as herons, vultures, kingfishers, turtles and some of 13 monkey species living in Manu! In the afternoon, we reach our next lodge situated in Boca Manu where we spend the night.
Optional: A night walk in the amazon Manu Tour
Travel Amazon Wildlife day 3: Rainforest Lodge to Boca Manu – Reserve Center .
Today, we say good-bye to the Madre de Dios River to change for a navigation on the Manu River offering us other amazing views of a great variety of species living in and around it such as groups of turtles, white caimans, capybaras, jaguar (Panthera onca) resting on a log and watching its territory. In the afternoon, we reach a next .Amazon Wildlife called Arriving in the afternoon to our campsite in Otorongo . Later on, our Tour Guide takes us to the Otorongo Lake where an observation tower is placed allowing us to watch giant otters living there. During that, the Guide teaches us functions and secrets of the jungle. After that, we return to the lodge to have dinner and spend the night. Optional: A night walk in our trips Manu Tour
Travel Amazon Wildlife day 4: Manu Reserve Center Exploring Coccha Otorong and Salvador Lakes .
Today, we visit the Salvador Lake in our silent rowing boat that allows us observing a family of playful giant river otters, black caimans as well as many rare bird species including a prehistoric bird called shansho! You can be sure that animals here in wild Amazon Manu have never suffered from hunting by people . In the afternoon we return to our campsite in Otorongo. SAFARI CAMPING (in bed and mosquito net). Showers and toilets available.
Optional: A night walk in the Manu Tour
Travel Amazon Wildlife day 5: Manu Biosphere Reseve Center to Otorongo Lake Exploring .
In the morning, our group starts the travel on boat from Otorongo Lake and explorer to amazon offering us to see more wildlife.we follow some Amazon paths while watching other mammal’s species. In the afternoon, we return to our lodge to rest in the Reserve center Manu Tour
Travel Amazon Wildlife day 6: Manu Biosphere Reserve Otorongo Lake and Back to Boca Manu Rainforest Lodge .
Today surely starts with a howler monkey scream that wake us up. After breakfast, we navigate on the ManuRiver to Boca Manu. We change there for the Madre de Dios River and continue navigating until reaching Rainforest Lodge, a place of our next overnight in wildlife Manu Tour
Travel amazon Wildlife day 7: Rainforest Lodge Manu & Atalaya Port Back to Cusco .
We wake up very early today to go by boat to see a 10 minute far away parrot clay-lick! After that, we get back to the lodge where we are served breakfast adding us energy for our last travel so that we board amotorized boat and start navigating towards the Atalaya Port. Our private vehicle awaits us there to take us back to Cusco. We arrive there approximately between 6 and 6:30 pm.
End of jungle travel services with Amazon Wildlife
IncludeS in the Travel Amazon Wildlife 7 days / 6 nights:
- A professional naturalist Tour Guide;
- Motorboat transportation;
- Private vehicle land transportation;
- Entrance Fee to Reserved Zone of the Manu National Park;
- A professional Cook,
- Meals: 6 Breakfast, 7 Lunch, 6 Dinner and drinking water (Please note: vegetarian option upon request for no extra cost!);
- Accommodation: 6 Nights in our lodges;
- First aid kit, including a poison extractor, mosquito bite treatment and an antidote for a snake bite;
- Radio communications;
- Rubber boots.
Not includeS in the Travel Amazon Wildlife 7 days:
- Any flight nor airport departure taxes;
- Travel insurance;
- Breakfast on the first day and dinner on the last day;
- Tips to local staff.
What to take with you to the Travel Amazon Wildlife 7 days:
- Mosquito repellent (DEET 35 recommended as a MINIMUM!!),
- Original passport,
- Small backpack,
- Long sleeved cotton shirts (preferably green coloured),
- Long cotton trousers,
- Cotton long socks (to be put into your trousers),
- Comfortable walking shoes,
- Sandals or light shoes,
- Rain gear (e.g. rain poncho),
- Sweater (for the beginning of the tour in Andes and the cloud forest only),
- Binoculars (we also rent it),
- Camera and its charger,
- Plastic bags to be used for clothes and a camera,
- A hat as a protection against the Sun or rain,
- Small towel,
- Toilet paper,
- Sun cream,
- Flashlight (with spare bulb and batteries),
- A bottled water (1 litre as a minimum),
- Pocket money (Soles) to buy some beverages and souvenirs as well as to tip.
Travel Amazon Relation of the Machiguenga Communal Reserve with the National System of Natural Protected Areas by the State The current legislation establishes that in Peru travel amazon there are 9 definitive categories of natural areas national administration and a provisional category (Reserved Zone) amazon wildlife . consists of 54 ANPs and 9 Reserved Areas covering a total area of 18 045 348.49 hectares, representing 14 wild peru .04% of the national territory travel amazon . SINANPE is comprised of indirect use areas such as National Parks (12), the National Sanctuaries (8), the Historical Sanctuaries (4); by areas of direct use, such as National Reserves (11), Wildlife Refuges (2), Landscape Reserves (2), Reserves Communal (7), Protected Forests (6), Game Reserves (2); for the Reserved Areas (9) amazon peru ; as well as by the Buffer Zones peru amazon . The complementary ANPs to SINANPE are the Conservation and the Private Conservation Areas 1. The Community Reserves are “areas devoted to the conservation of wild flora and fauna, in benefit of local populations and peasant or native communities amazon peru travel amazon .
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MORE TOURIST INFORMATION WITH AMAZON WILDLIFE EN PERU
Travel Amazon Wildlife 7days:
Travel Amazon Still, the ecological crisis that our planet is going through at the moment is threatening to deteriorate all this natural richness amazon wild . As a global process, the ecological crisis has given rise to an intense debate about the environmental problems, motivating a series of international agreements and commitments, seeking to reduce and buffer the risks (Amazon Wildlife) amazon peru .
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) of Amazon, signed by Peru Travel Amazon, has oriented the approval of conservation and sustainable use policies of biological diversity in the form of national strategies peru amazon . Because of the Amazonia’s importance for the national and global biodiversity, the elaboration process of the Regional Strategy on Amazonian Biological Diversity was carried out in the framework of the National Biological Diversity Strategy. The effort was pushed forward by the focal points of the Amazonian departments of Loreto, Ucayali, San Martín and Madre de Dios (Travel Amazon Wildlife) amazon wild .
According to the evaluation studies of the Conservation Assessment of the Terrestrial Ecoregions of Latin America the main type of ecosystem that can be found in Amazonas is the Broad Leave Tropical Forest amazon tours , which in turn contains three main habitats: the Broad Leave Humid Tropical Forest, Broad Leave Dry Tropical Forest, and Mountain Grasslands, belonging to the bioregions of Amazonia Travel Amazon, Central Andes and Northern Andes. Additionally, the studies show that six ecoregions can be found in Amazonas: Peruvian Yungas (30%), Mountain Forests of the Royal Eastern Cordillera (26%). Humid Forests of the Ucayali River (16%), Humid Forests of the Napo River (14%), Dry Forests of Marañón (10%), and Desert of the Central Cordillera (4%) peru amazon Travel Amazon.
TOURIST INFORMATION AMAZON WILDLIFE TRAVEL .
Amazon Wildlife World in Peru: The Amazon basin contains vast amounts of carbon, but spatial variation in forest conditions and carbon density challenges national and sub‐national participation in the program to reduce deforestation and forest degradation – Peru Travel Amazon. Managers of forested land can increase their carbon credits via detailed monitoring of forest cover, loss and gain (hectares), and periodic estimates of changes in forest carbon density (Amazon Wildlife Travel) peru wild Travel Amazon .
The Carnegie Institution for Science, in collaboration with the World Wildlife Fund the Peruvian Travel Amazon Ministry of Environment and the Amazon wildlife Conservation Association Peru, present an integrated satellite‐ airborne mapping approach for high‐resolution carbon stock assessment and monitoring in tropical forest regions (Amazon Wildlife travel) wild peru Travel Amazon .
In September 2009 in Peru amazon , the new method was successfully tested on 4,300,500 hectares of lowland Amazon forest in the municipality of Madre de Dios, Peru Amazon. The demonstration provided estimates of aboveground carbon density at a spatial resolution of 30 meters, making it one of the largest high‐resolution biomass mapping studies in the world (Amazon Wildlife Travel) amazon wild .
Amazon Wildlife Peru: The new approach involves four steps undertaken in concert to produce a rapid high resolution forest carbon assessment peru wild travel amazon :
Mapping of forest cover, deforestation and degradation history using freely available satellite data and Carnegie Landsat Analysis System-lite (CLASlite) – Peru amazon Travel Amazon;
Large‐area mapping of forest canopy three‐dimensional structure using airborne Light Detection and Ranging amazon Peru;
Conversion structural data to aboveground carbon density using ‐carbon metrics with a tactical use of field calibration plots – Peru peru wild ;
Integration of the satellite maps with the airborne data to set a regional, high resolution baseline carbon estimate – Peru amazon .
This new approach yields an estimated 397.6 million tonnes of aboveground carbon throughout forests of southern Madre de Dios – Peru Amazon Wildlife. Reduced forest cover and carbon density from natural sources, human deforestation and forest degradation mapped by and shows that regional carbon stocks are 32.4% lower than the mean Tier‐I estimate derived from the IPCC Good Practice Guidelines (2006 – Peru). The new carbon maps show localized areas of higher carbon stocks in some forests than predicted from global mapping approaches, but there are also widespread reductions in biomass attributable to recent deforestation and degradation that was previously undetected without high‐resolution satellite and airborne techniques (Travel Amazon Wildlife) amazon wildlife .
Peruvian Amazon: While the IPCC Tier‐I estimates report an uncertainty of 90% or more and do not resolve the natural and human‐ driven variation in carbon density, this demonstration has an uncertainty of 10% and resolves detailed spatial variation in carbon stocks at high spatial resolution (Travel Amazon Wildlife) amazon tours Travel Amazon.
Peru Amazon: High‐resolution forest carbon monitoring is currently considered technically challenging, potentially labor‐intensive and thus an expensive undertaking. Carnegie, WWF, MINAM and ACA demonstrate that a combination of free satellite monitoring technology with an affordable level of aircraft‐based LiDAR mapping can provide spatially‐ resolved, regional biomass estimates that will improve the monitoring of carbon stocks, losses and recovery in forests over time (Amazon Wildlife Travel) peru amazon Travel Amazon.
Amazon Wildlife World: Rapid advances and decreasing costs in the satellite and airborne mapping sectors are already making high‐ resolution carbon stock and emissions assessments viable anywhere in the Amazon peru .
While Carnegie, and its partners work to produce the most relevant science, the ultimate aim is facilitating this new science to support informed forest decision‐making amazon wildlife . Carnegie’s capacity‐building program focuses on the provisioning, strategic training and support of scientific methods tailored to respond to the needs of government and non‐government organizations peru wild . This example from Madre de Dios, Peru demonstrates that commitment is Amazon Wildlife.
Amazon Wildlife World: Institutional partnerships, from the science, governmental and non‐ governmental sectors, were developed and strengthened through the process to complete a ground‐ breaking experience both scientifically and institutionally (Amazon Wildlife Peru) amazon wild Travel Amazon.
Native Town Manu National Park – Amazon Willdife Peru .
Offspring of the rivers collecting the eggs of birds and turtles in the extensive sandy beaches. In the rainy season they take refuge in the high parts of the basin, living from hunting Travel Amazon, fishing and harvesting wild fruits including Brazil nuts or Brazil nuts. Some groups, such as the Machiguenga and the Pyros, practice poly-specific agriculture (cultivation of a variety of species in low density) on temporarily exploiting farms, then letting them “rest” for a long time in amazon wildlife peru – manu park amazon peru . This practice, which favors the natural regeneration of the forest Travel Amazon, obliges the natives to maintain a basically sedentary behavior, grouping in villages of some dozens of families, some of which have been recognized as Native Communities peru wild . Such is the case of the Machiguenga communities of Tayakome and Yomibato, inside the Park Manu Park Amazon Wildlife Peru , and Diamante, located on the Alto Madre de Dios River, in the Cultural Zone amazon wildlife . At the moment the natives of the Manu amazon Peru wildlife enjoy a safe territory where to live conserving their ancestral traditions Travel Amazon . Their transit through the Park is free and they are entitled to make use of the resources of the region, as long as the balance of the ecosystems does not change. Some of these ethnic groups have been constituted in organized groups and they have official representation before the administrative authorities of the Park Manu Amazon Wildlife Peru , especially through the Federation of Natives of Madre de Dios Travel Amazon .As already mentioned, after complicated bureaucratic procedures some groups have managed to establish themselves as Native Communities recognized by the State. This legal recognition gives them the right to exercise their territorial sovereignty and to gradually incorporate themselves into modern society through economic activities such as the manufacture of canoes, the cultivation of agricultural products, as well as participating in the scientific and tourism activities that take place in the Manu National Park Amazon Wildlife Peru .
Scientific investigation of the Amazon Wildlife Peru – Manu National Park .
Scientific research has played a vital role in the worldwide dissemination and recognition of the enormous ecological wealth that surrounds the Manu Park Amazon Wildlife Peru travel amazon . The Cocha-Cashu Biological Station, built in 1969 by professors and students of the National Agrarian-La Molina University as part of an agreement with the Zoological Society of Frankfurt Travel Amazon. As a first scientific project, the researcher, assisted by his Peruvian Amazon assistant Jorge Cardenas, carried out an inventory and study of the ecology of the black lizard (Methane-likeus niger), abundant in Cashu Lake between 1970 and 1972. In 1973, Dr. John Terborgh, of Princeton University, decided to make a trip to the Manu Park Amazon Wildlife . This visit would prove to be momentous in his career: after more than ten years of traveling in the Amazon Wildlife , the scholar had never found a place with such diversity Travel Amazon and abundance of species, particularly of primates. In 1974, the experiment was to establish a group of biologists and students led by Dr. Terborgh, who, with the approval of the then General Directorate of Forestry and Wildlife Amazon of the Ministry of Agriculture, began a series of investigations continue to develop to this day. Through their work, Terborgh and his collaborators, researchers from different American institutions Travel Amazon, as well as Peruvian Amazon scientists and from all over the world – have given the Cocha-Cashu Station well-deserved fame. In their trails and lake they have been studied from ants to jaguars; also the ecology of primates and the systematic of hundreds of plants, as well as birds, river wolves, alligators, turtles, toads and frogs amazon peru . On the other hand, the riverside succession dynamic mechanism of natural regeneration of the tropical forest from the formation of beaches and secondary forests and the productivity of the different ecosystems, calculating the production of food resources per unit area, have been studied Travel Amazon. Today more and more Peruvian Amazon Wildlife students have access to the Manu Park Amazon Peru and benefit from the knowledge acquired in field techniques and modern research peru wild . Serious and systematic study of each animal and plant species, their relationships and balance, contribute to the Park maintain its well-earned prestige worldwide. The latter attracts increasing interest, especially at the level of conservation groups Travel Amazon, which in turn facilitates the collection of funds that serve to provide the Manu with more and better resources for research, administration and control of the protected area (Amazon Wildlife )Travel Amazon .
Ecotourism to Manu National Park – Amazon Wildlife Peru .
An interesting development factor for the area is also ecotourism or “tourism towards nature amazon peru “. From the 1970s onwards, the global orientation of tourism was an important turning point towards the natural regions of the planet. First came the interest in Africa, with its impressive concentrations of wildlife. Later South America would become a key destination for eco-tourists wild amazon . It is thus as a growing number of visitors went to the tropical regions of the subcontinent in order to appreciate its abundant flora and fauna and their diverse native cultures amazon wildlife Travel Amazon . The problem, however, lay in the marked difficulty of observing large animals in the Amazon wildlife Travel Amazon. Because of this, many areas were discarded because of their proximity to human settlements, which combined with the destruction of forests limited the supply of suitable places to enjoy nature in an unaltered state amazon peru . In that circumstance the Manu park Amazon Park Travel Amazon emerged as an exceptional alternative Travel Amazon: the virtual inaccessibility of its territory and the amazing animal and plant diversity of its forests have made it a privileged destination for a tourism controlled and respectful of nature. Since the formal beginning of this activity in the Park in 1980, the arrival of visitors attracted by the worldwide fame of the Manu Amazon Peru has been increasing notably. Every year a few hundred (Amazon Wildlife ) Travel Amazon of fortunate visitors arrive at the Manu wildlife amazon and, with prior authorization from the administration of the Park, walk trails set in the trails and lakes of the Reserved Zone manu national park Travel Amazon. Only some tourist companies are authorized to operate in the interior of this protected area. Grouped in ECOTUR-Manu, an inter-company association Travel Amazon, they maintain a close link with the administration of this unit conservation, permanently training the field guides and coordinating actions aimed at improving the services provided to the visitor and to reduce the impact of the activities on the natural environment amazon peru Travel Amazon. Although ecotourism is capable of providing significant economic resources for the management and conservation of the area Travel Amazon , it is clear that this activity requires objectives and organization and, above all, requires setting limits in accordance with the conservation of the environment. Tourism in the Manu should be oriented according to the needs and requirements of nature, and not vice versa amazon wildlife peru Travel Amazon .
The Manu Amazon Wildlife Reserve:
Neotropical fish fauna is the most diverse and rich, in freshwater, in the world (Lowe-McConnell, 1975). South America presents the most diverse ichthyofauna in the world, with approximately 60 families, several hundred genera and perhaps up to five thousand species (Böhlke et al., 1978). An estimate of the current diversity of neo-tropical fish results in about seven or eight thousand species (Schaefer, 1998) Amazon wildlife. The Peruvian jungle offers a great variety of habitats and micro habitats both in the terrestrial environment and in the aquatic environments, represented by rivers and lakes, where different kinds of animals and plants are developed Travel Amazon. A large part of the geography of the Peruvian jungle Travel Amazon, both in the low jungle and in the high jungle, is formed by several systems or river basins and lagoons. Each of these bodies of water is a particular ecosystem, which in turn has not been very well studied in Peru Travel Amazon. The rivers of the flood plain are ecosystems with high levels of habitat diversity and biota adapted to exploit space-time heterogeneity (Welcomme, 1979). Within these bodies of water, one of the most important groups is fish, which also have a great Amazon wildlife richness Travel Amazon. For Peru there are 855 registered freshwater species, of which 90% are Amazonian, 5% high Andean and 5% coastal (Chang & Ortega, 1995), although according to conservative estimates it assumes the existence of an additional 20% of the total of known species (Ortega & Chang, 1998) wild peru Travel Amazon .
Likewise, this great diversity of fish is the livelihood of numerous native communities that live in the Peruvian Amazon and also of some settlers’ communities. Therefore it is necessary to conduct studies to understand more about these species and then apply management programs for the best use of these resources Amazon tour.
The existence of protection zones for the care of this great biodiversity is a good opportunity to carry out these types of studies. One of the most important areas of protection is the Manu National Park Travel Amazon, which has 210 species of fish registered in both lotic and slow environments (Ortega, 1996) Amazon wild. However, there are still places within Manu NP Travel Amazon that have not yet been studied and where it is not known what species inhabit Amazon Peru. The park contains the entire Manu river basin and portions of the network of some tributaries of the Alto Madre de Dios river Travel Amazon and, consequently, the waters are not contaminated in any sense wild peru. That is why the park’s rivers could serve as models in measures of fish production and in studies of the effects of pollution and erosion (Terborgh, 1986) Amazon tours. On the banks of the Manu River there is a good number of bodies of water that are called “cochas”, which are lagoon lagoons formed over many years and in each of these aquatic ecosystems are found from primary organisms or communities of producers, such as Plankton, even predators such as the “river wolf” and the “Amazon wildlife alligators”. The Cocha Cashu Biological Station is located in the area near the lagoon that has the same name, and precisely where few studies of the aquatic ecosystem have been carried out. There is also a lack of knowledge about the composition of the fish communities in Cocha Cashu, which would allow answering questions about the food preferences of predators such as the “river wolf” (Pteronura brasiliensis) peru amazon Travel Amazon; as well as what are the trophic relationships that exist with the organisms that are part of the food supply of wild Amazon fish. It is also important to know and compare the fish communities that exist in the different types of aquatic ecosystems that are around the Station, since each one has its own characteristics either by the type of water (clear, black and white); at the time of formation of the lagoons, or in the presence of riparian vegetation such as submerged macrophytes and floating vegetation. Also the level of primary productivity influences the distribution of fish; In the same way, the influence of the Manu River that is manifested in a time of increasing is important. Just these emptying and growing cycles related to the periods of rains, can create particular conditions for the development of the Amazon tours Travel Amazon fish communities. So we have, that seasonal increases in the level of water causes the migration of at least twenty species of fish offspring from the flood forest to the river (Cox Fernández, 1997) Amazon tours. Aspects of fish ecology such as growth, reproduction and feeding may be influenced by seasonal variation in the rain cycle and water level (Lowe-McConell, 1967) amazon peru Travel Amazon.
This work presents the first list of fish species for Cocha Cashu and Cocha Totora Amazon wildlife. The results obtained will lead us to corroborate the hypothesis that, if there is a fish community of each aquatic ecosystem, then there are differences between the fish communities of different ecosystems and at different times of the year
II. Amazon Wildlife Background.
The Cocha Cashu Biological Station (EBCC) was founded in 1969-1970, initially for studies on the “black alligator” (Melanosuchus niger), the largest in South America and commercially, the most valuable wild amazon. The station is one of the few research sites in the neotropic, which presents an undisturbed ecosystem where a total balance is observed between predators and their prey (Terborgh, 1990) wild amazon. More than 300 publications have been based on research conducted in Cocha Cashu, generally focused on studies on succession dynamics in vegetation, species diversity Travel Amazon and community structure of some groups of plants and animals, seed dispersal, plant-ant interactions, role of carnivores in the ecosystem, etc. amazon tours. In these works you can find information about the soil structure and climate in this area, however, the information about aquatic communities and hydrology is very little or almost nil. From September 1987 to July 1993, eight field expeditions were made to obtain fish and related data in 26 bodies of water in Manu National Park, Amazon Peru. The Park covers an area of approximately 1.5 million hectares, between the departments of Madre de Dios and Cusco. In these surveys, approximately 27,000 specimens were obtained that allowed the preliminary identification of 210 species, 148 genera, 33 families and 10 orders Amazon tours. Here it is pointed out that lagoons of 20 years or more, such as Salvador, Otorongo and Cashu, are home to a considerable number of Amazon peru species; another group of lagoons, the oldest, dystrophic, such as Totora and Juarez, are being reduced in surface and depth by vegetation invasion and sediment accumulation; they house diverse communities of fish and with smaller populations, the majority of small size Amazon wild. It is also mentioned that the fish that inhabit the lagoons are usually forms that come from the cyclic exchange with the Manu River, which is demonstrated by the presence of juvenile stages in the first months of the year and some are more representative of lentic waters, case of cichlids and forms that reproduce more than once a year. All this fauna is compared to that found in two other protected areas in Madre de Dios and present in the Upper Ucayali River basin (Ortega, 1996). Mary Hagedorn and Clifford Keller between 1989 and 1992 studied the diversity of Gymnotiform fish in the Pakitza area in Manu National Park, using wild peru electrical monitoring equipment. They worked with eight existing gymnotiform species within 15 km2 of study near Pakitza; they found that six of them emit wave type downloads and the other two emit pulse type downloads. They determined that within the creeks, the number of fish Electrical was increased with the distance from the mouth of the Manu River (Hagedorn & Keller, 1996) Amazon Wildlife Travel Amazon.
During a study on the “river wolf” (Pteronura brasiliensis) and its habitat between 1990 and 1995, fish catches were made in 29 cochas in Tambopata and in the Manu that included Cashu Travel Amazon, Totora, Otorongo, Maizal, Nueva, Salvador and Other more Amazon tours. Mainly, waiting networks or trappers and eventually hooks and spins were used. 2329 fish were caught that corresponded to 36 species (Schenk, 1999). In the low jungle, the study is known at the Pampas del Heath National Sanctuary, where 95 species of fish were recorded (Ortega, 1994). In the Tambopata-Candamo Reserved Zone Travel Amazon, southeastern Peru, 36 families, 138 genera and 232 species were registered; characiformes and siluriformes are the dominant groups in all amazon peru environments. The fauna composition shows the general pattern found in other regions of the Amazon (Chang, 1998). Between May 2001 and January 2003, the fish communities and the limnology of the Madre de Dios River Travel Amazon, one of the headwaters of the Madeira River Travel Amazon, the largest tributary of the Amazon tours, were studied. A statistical analysis about the climate and river levels of the region was presented. It was determined that the species composition of a ravine is completely different from that of the river channel or a flood zone. Likewise, the composition of river fish species and flood areas are similar. It was also concluded that it is possible that a relatively small area of the Madre de Dios River Travel Amazon (between 10 and 20 km of river) amazon peru, including the lakes of the flood zone and the numerous ravines inside the high terrace forests, support at least 75% of the ichthyofauna of a whole headland region, located below 300 meters (Barthem et al., 2003) Amazon wildlife.
In Manaus, Brazil, studies were conducted on seasonal variation of fish communities in ravines of the wild peru rainforest. Species composition, richness and abundance of fish, and the influence of seasonality on these parameters were analyzed. The variance, regression and “cluster” analysis (clusters) indicated that the season, dry or rainy, does not significantly influence the structure of the Amazon tours Travel Amazon fish communities. Similarity analyzes indicated a different composition pattern for each creek and the abundance of species differs between creeks, but not between climatic seasons (Bührnheim and Cox Fernandez, 2001) Travel Amazon .
III. Objectives Find differences at the level of the physical-chemical parameters of water, between two lagoons of meanderic origin. Study aspects of fish ecology such as: diversity, similarity, indicator species and variations in the structure of communities, in periods of emptying and growing, in both lagoons in Amazon Peru.
Analyze the spatial distribution of the largest species, important in the diet of Pteronura brasiliensis (“river wolf”), within the two lagoons Travel Amazon .
Location :Geographically Cocha Cashu and Cocha Totora are located within the area of the Cocha Cashu Biological Station, Manu National Park Travel Amazon , department of Madre de Dios peru amazon. The study area of the station comprises approximately 10 km² and is located between 11º 53,303 ”South Latitude and 71º 24,466” West Longitude, an hour and a half by boat from the Pakitza surveillance post and seven hours from its mouth on the Madre de Dios river near the town of Boca Manu. They are found within the region called “low jungle” or Amazonian plain, on the left bank of the Manu River, the main tributary of this area of the Amazon Wild Park Travel Amazon .
Characteristics of the lagoons studied Amazon wildlife.
Contents Info Amazon Birds
- 1 Travel Amazon Wildlife – Manu National Park
- 1.1 Travel Amazon Wildlife 7days
- 1.2 Quick Itinerary of the Manu National Park – Travel Amazon Wildlife
- 1.3 Cusco – Ninamarca – Pilcopata Town Manu National Park Reserve
- 1.4 Pilcopata Town and Atalaya Port to Rainforest Lodge .
- 1.5 Rainforest Lodge to Boca Manu – Reserve Center .
- 1.6 Manu Reserve Center Exploring Coccha Otorong and Salvador Lakes .
- 1.7 Biosphere Reseve Center to Otorongo Lake Exploring..
- 1.8 Manu Biosphere Reserve Otorongo Lake and Back to Boca Manu Rainforest Lodge .
- 1.9 Rainforest Lodge Manu & Atalaya Port Back to Cusco ..
- 1.10 Map of Travel Amazon Wildlife 7days and 6nights
- 2 Itinerary Tour
- 2.1 Travel Amazon Wildlife 7 days / 6 nights
- 2.2 Travel Amazon Wildlife day 1: Cusco – Ninamarca – Pilcopata Town Manu National Park Reserve
- 2.3 Travel Amazon Wildlife day 2: Pilcopata Town and Atalaya Port to Rainforest Lodge .
- 2.4 Travel Amazon Wildlife day 3: Rainforest Lodge to Boca Manu – Reserve Center .
- 2.5 Travel Amazon Wildlife day 4: Manu Reserve Center Exploring Coccha Otorong and Salvador Lakes .
- 2.6 Travel Amazon Wildlife day 5: Manu Biosphere Reseve Center to Otorongo Lake Exploring .
- 2.7 Travel Amazon Wildlife day 6: Manu Biosphere Reserve Otorongo Lake and Back to Boca Manu Rainforest Lodge .
- 2.8 Travel amazon Wildlife day 7: Rainforest Lodge Manu & Atalaya Port Back to Cusco .
- 3 Included Tour
- 4 Lodge
- 5 Tour Gallery
- 6 Methods of Payment
- 7 Booking
- 8 Information
- 9 Travel Amazon Wildlife 7days:
- 10 TOURIST INFORMATION AMAZON WILDLIFE TRAVEL .