Tours Machu Picchu by Train
Machu Picchu is divided into two key districts by a large grassy square. On the left are the Royal and Sacred areas where the Inca ruler and his court resided; on the right is the Secular area where the workers lived. The city’s temples and stairways spread out across a ridge that drops several hundred metres to the Willcamayu or Urubamba, the sacred river of the Incas.
Trip Highlights: Daily Tours Machu Picchu by Train
- Daily Explore Machu Picchu twice: in the early misty morning and in the afternoon, the least busy time of day.
- Daily Enjoy the scenic ride of the PeruRail or IncaRail Train, which offers panoramic views of the Andes Mountains and countryside.
- Daily Stay at some of the most unique hotels in Peru and enjoy fantastic local cuisine, including two picnics in the Andes.
- Daily Tour the city of Cusco and walk through the famous San Pedro Market full of local culture, delicacies, and oddities—great for gift shopping!
- Daily Visit a small town bordered by mountains and glaciers, and see a world that remains relatively unchanged since its Incan settlement.
- Daily Discover the Sacred Valley of the Incas and experience a haven for natural beauty, unique culture, and plenty of archeological ruins
Manu Biosphere Reserve founded by UNESCO in 1977 : Encompassing almost two million hectares of virgin cloud-and rainforest on the foothills of the eastern Andes, the Manu tours amazon area was created in 1973 as a national park, and then elevated to the status of Biosphere Reserve by tours amazon UNESCO in 1977. In 1987 it became a World Natural tours amazon Heritage Site. About half the size of Switzerland, the Manu Biosphere Reserve tours amazon covers a total of 1,881,200 hectares of tours amazon relatively pristine [untouched] rainforest, from crystalline cloud-forest streams and waterfalls down to slow-moving, chocolate-brown rivers in the dense lowland jungle – a uniquely varied environment tours amazon .
The only permanent residents within this vast area are — the teeming forest wildlife tours amazon ;
— a few virtually uncontacted native groups who have split off from their major tribal units (Yaminahuas, Amahuacas and Machiguenga) tours amazon ;
— the park guards tours amazon ;
— and the scientists at a biological research station situated just inside the park on the beautiful Lago Cocha Cashu tours amazon , where flocks of macaws pass the time cracking open Brazil nuts with their powerful, highly adapted beaks.
Zones A (highly protected), B (research and tourism), and C (settlements) The reserve is divided into three zones. By far the largest, Zone A is the core zone, the National Park tours amazon , which is strictly preserved in its natural state. Zone tours amazon B is a Buffer Zone tours amazon , generally known as the Reserved tours amazon Zone and set aside mainly for controlled research and tourism. Zone C is the Transitional or Cultural Zone tours amazon , an rea of human settlement for controlled traditional use (p.557) tours amazon .
Animals in Manu reservation : For flora and fauna, the Manu tours amazon is pretty much unbeatable in South America tours amazon , home to 20,000 vascular plant types (one five-square-kilometer area was found to contain 1147 species tours amazon of vascular plants, almost as many as in the whole of Great Britain) tours amazon , with over 5000 flowering plants, 1200 species of butterfly, 1000 types of bird, 200 kinds of mammal and an unknown quantity of reptiles and insects. Rich in macaw salt-licks tours amazon , otter lagoons and prowling jaguars, there are thirteen species of monkey and seven species of macaw in Manu tours amazon , and it still contains other species in serious danger of extinction, such as the giant otter and the black caiman (Melanosochus niger) (p.557) tours amazon.
Giant otters and other animals in the Manu reserve : The latter is best known for the giant otters that live there; because of this, canoing is not permitted, but ther is a floating platform which can be manoeuvred to observe the otters fishing and playing from a safe distance tours amazon (though your guide has to book a time for this) tours amazon : 30-50m is good enough to observe and photograph them, though as this is Manu’s most popular tourist area, you’re likely to meet other groups and there can be severe competition for access to the platform tours amazon .
Other wildlife tours amazon to look out for includes the plentiful caimans, including the two- to three-meter white alligators and the rarer three- to five-meter black ones, and you can usually see several species tours amazon of monkey tours amazon (including dusky titis, woolly monkeys, red howlers, brown capuchins and the larger spider monkeys – known locally as maquisapas) tours amazon . Sometimes big mammals such as capybara or white-lipped peccaries (called sajinos in Peru) also lurk in the undergrowth (p.558) tours amazon .
Plants in the Manu reserve :The flora of Manu tours amazon is as outstanding as its fauna. Huge cedar trees can be seen along the trails, covered in hand-like vines climbing up their vast trunks (most of the cedars were taken out of here between 1930 and 1963, before it became a protected area) tours amazon . The giant catahua trees, many over 150 years old, are traditionally the preferred choice for making dugout canoes – and some are large enough to make three or four – though second choice is the lagarto tree tours amazon .
The Manu Wildlife Center tours amazon before the natural reserve – bamboo, wood and palm houses – animal world on the ground and in the trees Just east of Zone B tours amazon , but often visited in combination with it or with Zone C, is the Manu Wildlife Center, a comfortable lodge some ninety minutes downriver from Boca Manu tours amazon by motorized dugout [shelter]. Owned by Manu Expeditions tours amazon and the non-profit Selva Sur Conservation Group, it’s located on privately owned rainforest and is built of the same sustainable local materials that the native Machiguenga tours amazon Indians use – bamboo, wood, and palm-frond roofing – and all rooms are screened with mosquito nets tours amazon .
It operates close to a superb salt-lick where small parrots and larger more colourful macaws can be seen. It claims to be strategically located in an area tours amazon of forest that has the highest diversity of micro-habitats in the Manu, and tierra-firme (lowland forest that doesn’t get flooded) tours amazon , transitional flood plain, varzea and bamboo forest are all found close by, and an astounding 530 bird species have been recorded in one year alone tours amazon .
The Blanquillo macaw and parrot salt-lick is only thirty minutes away by river, with floating blinds to access the wildlife attracted here tours amazon. About an hour’s walk through the forest there’s also a large colpa where tapirs and Brocket deer regularly come tours amazon . The center also features mobile canopy towers, making it possible to see more birds and even monkeys [in the high trees] tours amazon ; access to these is by rope and harness [belts], but ehere’s also a static canopy platform with a spiral stairway (p.559) tours amazon .
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