Amazon Trip , manu viosphere Reserve center , visit cocha otorongo and cocha salvador .


More information about Manu Manu National Park protects more animal and plant species than any other park on earth and is widely regarded as offering the most rewarding tropical rainforest experience there is.Manu is even more isolated than Tambopata with no large population centres at all and some uncontacted tribes . Consequently access is less direct, the choice being either a light aircraft (Cessna) from Cusco to the Boca Manu a irstrip or a

amazon willdife

beautiful two-day road and river journey, featuring a drive across the Andean watershed. Bikers can mountain bike down the Andes into Manu in four to five days.The two day trip from Cusco to the entrance of the Manu Reserved Zone carries you over the Peruvian Andes mountains to an elevation of 4000 m, past pre-inca ruins and down through the cloud forest on the eastern side of the Andes, and finally into lush, lowland rainforest. Roads remain largely unpaved and wind their way precariously past cascading waterfalls, deep gorges, and precipices .

Amazon Trip 5days

  •  MANU PERU: Amazon Trip .
  •   Length: 5 Days/4 Nights .
  •   Type of service: Private or Group
  •   Location: Southern Peru, Cusco Department, Madre de Dios Department, Manu National Park,
  •   Activities: Amazon Peru , parrot’s clay-lick, Machuwasi Lake, hot springs, jungle trips, manu culture zone, manu adventure, rainforest lodge .
  •   Altitude: 400 – 3,600 m.a.s.l.
  •   Best time to visit: March – December .
  •   Departure: Every day .
  •   Minimum of participants: 2 .
  •   Maximum of participants: 10 .
  •   Price per person: USD

Quick Itinerary of  Amazon Trip 5 days/4 nights:

Cusco Ninamarca to Paucartambo -Pilcopata Amazon Trip.

  • Manu ransfer by bus from (Cusco) Hotel
    Travel by car from Cusco to Pilcopata 185 km
    Visiting Ninamarka 3,700 m.s.n.m ,Pucartambo 2,906 m.s.n.m , Acjanacu 3,490 m.s.n.m,
    Cloud Forest varies from 500 m to 4000 m above sea level.
    Guide speak English
    1 Lunch ,1 Dinner
    Town Pilcopata 700 m.s.n.m
    1 Night With a comfortable shower and bathroom.

Pilcopata to Atalaya Port  – Manu Rainforest Lodge .

  • Manu 1 Breakfast ,1 Lunch , Dinner
    Guide Speak English and Spanish
    Travel by car from Pilcopata to Atalaya Port
    Travel by Boat from Atalaya Port to Rainforest Lodge
    Rubber boots.
    Walk inside to Rainforest to Manu National Park , Night Walk
    1 Night in Our Lodge

Rainforest Lodge to Parrot Clay Lick Hot Spring (of Manu) Amazon Trip .

  • Manu Parrot Clay Lick
    1 Breakfast, 1 Lunch, 1 Dinner
    Guide in English and Spanish
    1 night in Aguas Caliente  in our Lodge Manu Park
    Rubber boots..
    In the morning hike through the jungle Knowing the flora and fauna.
    Visit the Hot Waters to take a refreshing bath.
    -Nighttime activity on our boat to see the caimans

Manu Rainforest Lodge to Hot Spring  – Amazon Trip .

  • Manu 1 Breakfast , 1 Lunch , 1 Dinner
    Guide Speak English and Spanish
    Rubber boots.
    In the Morning hike in the jungle Knowing the flora and fauna .
    1 Night in our Lodge
    In the afternoon visit Machuwasi Lake
    Night  Walk inside  the Amazon Manu National Park .

Amazon Trip  Manu Amazon Rainforest Lodge to Back  Cusco.

  • Manu Tour – Guide Speak English and Spanish
    1 Breakfast , 1Lunch
    Departure from our Lodge between 8:00 and 8:30 am
    Boat Back from our lodge to port Atalaya
    Private car for the group awaits us at the port atalaya return to the city of Cusco .
    Arrival to Cusco between 7:00 and 7:30 pm.
    End of service


Map of Amazon Trip Manu National Park  5days/ 4nights .

manu culture zone reserve - amazon peru - manu jungle trips


Itinerary of  Amazon Trip 5 days/4 nights:

Tours Day  1: Amazon Trip – Cusco Ninamarca to Paucartambo Pilcopata Manu Park .

We leave Cusco early in the morning to start our adventurous trip! First, we are taken by private transport to the place called Ninamarca to observe pre-Incan “chullpas” (tombs) of the Lupaca’s culture. Then, we continue to Paucartambo, a colonial town with narrow streets and beautiful church, where people still keep their old customs. Later, we ascend to Acjanaco Pass (3,550 masl) considered as an entrance to the Manu National Park and then we get to the viewpoint Tres Cruces de Oro (3,700 masl) to watch one of the best sunrises of the world! From there, we start descending to the edge of the Manu jungle passing first an elfin forest and there a cloud forest where we can view a cock of the rock, hummingbirds, strikingly coloured quetzals, trogons, spotted flycatcher and woolly monkey. From flora, we can view a variety of orchids, mosses, ferns, etc. Finally, we get to Pilcopata (700 masl) where our first accommodation   in our Lodge . We can refresh ourselves there having a shower and after that, we are served dinner, before we get to bed

Tours Day 2: Amazon Trip Pilcopata  Atalaya Port to Manu Rainforest Lodge .

After breakfast, we continue our journey by private car (one and half an hour) towards the port at Atalaya (500 m.a.s.l). There, we board a motorized boat to continue for about half an hour navigating on the Alto Madre de Dios River. Along the rocky riversides, we have a great opportunity to observe the river wildlife like many birds, turtles or sunbathing lizards. In the afternoon, we reach our next lodge – Rainforest Lodge. Then we go to explore nearby paths where we can see a big diversity of species, for example, tarantulas, ants, butterflies, some monkey species, huge trees, erotic plants, palms, etc. After that, we return to our lodge to overnight.
Optional: A night walk in amazon  trip and manu national park.

Tours Day  3: Manu Rainforest Lodge to Hot Spring  Amazon Trip .

We wake up today very early to board a motor boat taking us to a 10 minute far away clay-lick of parrots, budgerigars and aras (guacamayo) which is an unforgettable experience! After this activity, we return to the lodge to have breakfast. Afterwards, we go for a walk following nearby Manu jungle´s paths observing its large flora & fauna biodiversity such as monkeys, birds, medicinal plants used by local people to heal various sicknesses, etc. For lunch, we get back to the lodge to later continue to another excursion, this time to Aguas Calientes (hot springs located in the Manu National Park) getting there downstream by a motorboat during a ride lasting about 2 and half an hour. There, we enjoy a hot bath providing us with energy in  our lodge
Optional: A night ride in a boat to do “caimaneada” (caiman watching) in amazon Trip.

Tours Day 4: Amazon Trip to Hot Spring  Machuwasi Lake and Manu Rainforest Lodge .

Today, we have another opportunity to go to the parrot clay-lick to view parrots, budgerigars and guacamayos eating clay that is very important to their digestion. If we are lucky, we can also spot some big mammals like capybaras, tapirs, anteater, monkeys, etc. We go for lunch back to the Rainforest Lodge. Afterwards, we have a short break to enjoy a refreshing bath in a river or just relax in the lodge. In the afternoon, we go to visit Machuwasi Lake to check out a sail in “remos” (hollowed tree trunks used by natives of the area). This is a perfect way on how to watch a big diversity of local animal species such as a prehistoric bird called hoatzin, some caimans, capybaras or monkeys Tocon (Callicebus oenanthe). Later on, we return to our lodge to spend the night.
Optional: A night walk in Amazon Peru  manu national park

Tours Day  5: Amazon Trip  Manu Amazon Rainforest Lodge  to Back  Cusco .

After breakfast, we board our motorized boat to start returning. Our first stop is in the Atalaya Port where our private vehicle awaits us to take us back to Cusco arriving there between 7 and 7:30 pm.
You need to be vaccinated against Yellow Fever as well as to bring some anti-malaria tablets with you!!


Includes in the Tours Amazon Trip .

  • A professional naturalist Tour Guide for amazon peru;
  • Motorboat transportation;
  • Private vehicle land transportation for jungle trips;
  • Entrance fee to Manu Prk ,
  • A professional Cook,
  • Meals: 4 Breakfast, 5 Lunch, 4 Dinner and drinking water (Please note: vegetarian option upon request for no extra cost
  • Accommodation: 4 nights in lodges, Manu jungle trips;
  • First aid kit, including a poison extractor, mosquito bite treatment and an antidote for a snake bite;
  • Radio communications for jungle trips;
  • Rubber boots.

Not includes in the Amazon Trip 5 days:

  • Any flight nor airport departure taxes;
  • Travel insurance;
  • Vaccination for jungle trips;
  • Breakfast on the first day and dinner on the last day;
  • Drinks;
  • Tips to local staff.

What to take with you to the Amazon Trip 5 days:

  • Mosquito repellent (DEET 35 recommended as a MINIMUM!!),Original passport for jungle trips,
  • Sleeping bag (you can rent if from us);
  • Small backpack,• Long sleeved cotton shirts (preferably green coloured),
  • Long cotton trousers,
  • Cotton long socks (to be put into your trousers),
  • Comfortable walking shoes,
  • Sandals or light shoes,
  • Rain gear (e.g. rain poncho),
  • Swimsuit;
  • Binoculars (we also rent it),
  • Camera and its charger for jungle trips,
  • Plastic bags to be used for clothes and a camera,
  • A hat as a protection against the Sun or rain,
  • Toiletries,
  • Small towel,
  • Toilet paper,
  • Antibacterial gel,
  • Sun cream,
  • Sunglasses,
  • Flashlight (with spare bulb and batteries),
  • A bottled water (1 litre as a minimum),
  • Pocket money (Soles) to buy some beverages and souvenirs as well as to tip.






Research in the Manu National Park Amazon Trip.

The National Service of Natural Areas Protected by the State – SERNANP, Manu National Park Amazon Trip has as one of its priorities to promote the development of scientific research within the Natural Protected Areas – ANP, representing an important opportunity for students and professionals of local amazon wildlife, regional, national and international academic institutions; in parallel, the research allows to generate knowledge and to value these natural spaces that treasure a great biological and ecosystem diversity amazon wild . Since its inception in 1973, the Manu National Park Amazon Trip has had a special place within the nature conservation of Peru Amazon Trip. It has served as a management model for the  that were later declared, especially the Amazonian ones of Manu National Park and yungas, and has become one of the best protected areas of the country. However, this does not imply an end of its cycle, on the contrary, it continues to plan its management in a participatory way to ensure its future conservation amazon peru . The park covers several areas of life and houses a great biological diversity of Manu Amazon Trips and cultural, the latter represented by the indigenous populations that have inhabited since time immemorial. These characteristics are recognized worldwide, largely thanks to research, allowing UNESCO in 1977 to declare the Manu Amazon Trip National Park as well as the surrounding territories as a Biosphere Reserve amazon wildlife . By being integrated into the International Network of Biosphere Reserves, the process of conservation, development and logistical support to the protected natural area was consolidated, as well as support to increase interest in increasing information on its biodiversity, and so much, to increase the interest in its preservation amazon wild . In 1987, for its exceptional universal value to the world, the Manu Amazon Trip National Park was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List as a Natural Heritage Site of Humanity amazon trip . 8 One of the objectives of creation of the Manu Amazon Trip National Park is to promote and facilitate research, education and recreation. Under this premise, and presenting excellent conditions to develop research, generates the responsibility to provide the necessary conditions so that this important task can continue to be developed and thus continue with the generation of information that supports the knowledge of our biological and cultural diversity and the management of the ANP wild peru . At the heart of Manu National Park Amazon Trip is the Cocha Biological Station Cashu Manu National Park Amazon Trip, established in 1969 and currently a major research center, being one of the most productive in the scientific world. However, the results of the many work carried out over the past 40 years are little used to improve the effectiveness of the management of the area itself or in the future planning for the conservation of biological diversity at regional or national level amazon trip . Therefore, the systematization and edition of these valuable research works is fundamental so that the information and knowledge generated in all these years can be used in the best possible way to support the fulfillment of the conservation objectives of the National Park of the Manu Amazon Trip and become, also, a reference for the scientific world. This document amazon wildlife , “Manu National Park 2013”, will allow to know the population in general, through a simple and agile language, the different researches developed in the Park National Manu Amazon Trip, in order to make available all this treasure of knowledge and that can be used as a model for the promotion of scientific research in our country Peru Manu Park (Amazon Trip)





Amazon Trip  Manu National Park Reserve Center  .
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Amazon Trip  Manu National Park .

Amphibians are declining worldwide, but these declines have been particularly dramatic in tropical mountains, where high endemism and vulnerability to an introduced fungal pathogen,Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis amazon wildlife  .(Bd), is associated with amphibian extinctions. We surveyed frogs in the Peruvian Andes in Amazon Trip   montane forests along a steep elevational gradient (1200–3700 m). We used visual encounter surveys to sample stream-dwelling and arboreal species and leaf-litter plots to sample terrestrial-breeding species. We compared species richness and abundance among the wet seasons of 1999, 2008, and 2009. Despite similar sampling effort among years, the number of species (46 in 1999) declined by 47% between 1999 and 2008 and by 38% between 1999 and 2009 amazon peru . When we combined the number of species we found in 2008 and 2009, the decline from 1999 was 36%. Declines of stream-dwelling and arboreal species (a reduction in species richness of 55%) were much greater than declines of terrestrial-breeding species (reduction of 20% in 2008 and 24% in 2009) amazon trip . Similarly, abundances of stream-dwelling and arboreal frogs were lower in the combined 2008–2009 period than in 1999, whereas densities of frogs in leaf-litter plots did not differ among survey years. These declines may be associated with the infection of frogs with dendrobatidis prevalence correlated significantly with the proportion of species that were absent from the 2008 and 2009 surveys along the elevational gradient. Our results suggest  may have arrived at the site between 1999 and 2007, which is consistent with the hypothesis that this pathogen is spreading in epidemic waves along the Andean cordilleras. Our results also indicate a rapid decline of frog species richness and abundance in our study area, a national park that contains manyendemic amphibian species and is high in amphibian species richness in the  ( Amazon Trip ) amazon peru .

The Cocha-Cashu Biological Station – Manu National Park Amazon Trip .
The world is increasingly aware of this huge area of ​​the globe called Manu Park Amazon Trip, eco-logically so fragile but, paradoxically, it holds enormous possibilities for development. This explains that since 1974 the University of Princeton, the United States, maintain a biological station in a secluded lake (cocha) Manu Amazon Trip. There, under the direction of Dr amazon wildlife . John Terborgh, scientists and students carry out important research work, whose results are being published for the benefit of the scientific community wild peru . These studies allow us to understand that if important natural areas like this one are not managed properly, the natural balance will be broken to the detriment not only of Peru Amazon Trip but of the entire world amazon wildlife . The Biological Station of Cocha-Cashu Manu Park Amazon Trip is working in collaboration with various institutions of the country, and in these days welcomes Peruvian students, giving them the opportunity to carry out studies and to come in contact with updated methods of scientific classification and reasoning. Life in Cocha-Cashu Amazon Trip is fascinating amazon wild . Listening to talk about a biological station maintained with funds from an American university, one imagines an oasis of comfort in the midst of the vast green hell: comfortable bungalows, cold drinks, direct radio communication, speed boats, as well as innumerable cans of canned food of astronaut. To personally experience these “luxuries” of the earthly paradise I joined ten Peruvian and American students who in Cusco prepared to travel to Manu Park Amazon Trip. After several days of arduous work buying the provisions for some months of subsistence since in Cocha-Cashu do not owe inside with nature and consequently there is not a single plant of bananas nor any culture of food we load the innumerable lumps of flour, mines and other supplies in the truck that would take us from Cusco, crossing heights of 4,000 masl, to Shintuya, a small village in the low jungle, on the Alto Madre de Dios river, where we should embark amazon peru . The first part of the journey was extremely beautiful amazon wildlife . As we climbed up the road, the Vilcanota River, with its spectacular canyon, appeared more and more imposing wild peru . We were perched on our bundles, bearing the jolts of the vehicle that rolled heavily on the affirmed. It was the most horrible night I’ve ever spent in my life of adventurous travel amazon wildlife . But we survived the experience amazon peru . The next day we found ourselves in Shintuya, frantically busy with the task of packing the cargo in plastic bags, in order to preserve the enormous amount of food we were carrying from the humidity and rainfall amazon wild . Three days we sailed the Alto Madre de Dios Amazon Trip and then the Manu River, avoiding to hit the trunks that, in the middle of the correntada, raised their dangerous dry branches. The river swept us many times over the invisible sand banks amazon wildlife . To the voice of “To the water, gringos” we had to jump of the boat to push with all our forces “in order to unload the heavy boat amazon peru .” So we arrived exhausted in the afternoon, scratching like crazy mosquito bites. speed the tents on some beach before nightfall, take a bath in the river and eat the “set menu” of the crossing: noodles with tuna and tomato paste. Getting to Cocha-Cashu was like a dream amazon wildlife : finally a fixed place where to recover the body and to deposit the belongings.The Camp of Cocha-Cashu Amazon Trip consists of a small house for general use: deposit, study hall, common wardrobe and the “library” of 1,50 mx 1,50 There is another house recently built that serves as a kitchen and dining room, where everything is scrambled because there is hardly any time for housework.It is not strange to see some scientist sitting in the middle of the night, washing his clothes with the help of a headlight, because it is the only available moment you find for it amazon trip . The “showers” are taken in the lake on an outstanding trunk between turtles that prefer not to bother to make a space to the person. To rinse, one dives into the waters where piranhas and alligators swim, which, incredible as it may seem, has left no personal injury statistics wild peru . The light comes from candles and some kerosene lamp for emergencies. The bedrooms are individual tents scattered in the middle of the jungle thicket; in this way some privacy is achieved. Each member of the group, without distinction of category or scientific status, must cook in turn for the rest. Given the small variety of stocks, you have to draw on a great culinary imagination amazon peru . There is no domestic help or peons outside of an occasional rider who helps open the trails for research amazon wildlife . Each scientist, in turn, should wash the mountain of pots left over from the previous day. Lunch consists of leftovers from the dinner, usually a bite taken away from noodles or cold beans, as well as cleaning the two communal houses, washing their own plates, clothes, etcetera. After a few days, I noticed the necessity and reason for this Spartan life and sacrificed. Apart from the purely economic aspect the funds for scientific research are scarce here and in the rest of the planet, what is sought is to study wildlife as it is, for which it is imperative that the presence of man passes as unnoticed as possible amazon peru . The investigations are mainly oriented to the study of the interaction between the different animal species, as well as between the animal world and the vegetal world. For example, to know why the restless monkeys friar or puffins live many times in community with the aggressive capuchinos amazon wildlife ; or why the multicolored macaws congregate in ccollpas or clay gullies. Can maquisapa monkeys be of vital importance in the continuous propagation of certain species of trees? These and other questions are those that are tried to solve in the Biological Station of Cocha-Cashu Amazon Trip, in the Manu amazon trip . In that fascinating place I could observe a great variety of animals that little or nothing were altered by my presence amazon wild . On one occasion we were suddenly surrounded by hundreds of nimble Capuchin monkeys, who fed themselves without us being an obstacle to it. As I moved in a canoe across the lake, the innumerable variety of birds herons, paucares, ducks, cormorants – did not seem to be much disturbed by my presence; sometimes they fluttered heavily to take off at the last moment, before my boat touched the stick on which they stood peru wild . Even shushupe, a snake recognized as the terror of hunters and jungle dwellers, remained indifferently coiled when someone ran into it. Would it have anything to do with our attitude towards the nature of the manu (Amazon Trip) amazon wildlife .
Pure science in the Manu Amazon Trip.
In Cocha-Cashu, what is known as “pure science” is practiced, that is, basic research that often has no immediate practical application. Its importance is that the development of applied sciences and technology is not possible without the knowledge of pure science. Cocha-Cashu Amazon Trip is a small biological station whose rustic living conditions are unattractive for many: to live for months in a tent amazon trip , between rain and insects, with an adequate diet but little varied, with few laboratory facilities, space of work or distraction, is more than many professionals can support amazon wildlife .
Tropical Studies There are other famous institutes of tropical studies on the island of Barro Colorado in Panama, or La Selva, in Costa Rica with relatively spacious facilities, where each scientist does not need to wash a squad of pots and cook in turn for twenty other scientists. Such stations have budgets that reach hundreds of thousands of dollars, allowing them to maintain elements of study and comfort, such as air conditioning in laboratories and widely endowed libraries; cooks, workers, administrators. But as Dr amazon wild . John Terborgh says, who has run the Manu Biological Station for fourteen years, these factors contribute to comfort, but not necessarily to a higher quality science. Due precisely to the distance and isolation characteristics of Cocha-Cashu peru  wild  , in the center of a large virgin area of ​​the Amazon forest amazon trip , the studies that have been carried out constitute an invaluable contribution towards the knowledge of this vast region of the planet, the humid tropic that is disappearing rapidly despite being the most valuable genetic bank that remains in the world amazon wildlife . The National Agrarian University-La Molina recently published, in Spanish, the first volume of the results of a part of this research carried out during fourteen years in Cocha-Cashu amazon wild : Manu Amazon Trip Report. This and other volumes to follow are an invaluable contribution to science, available to national and foreign scholars who perform in manu park (Amazon Trip) wildlife amazon .
In the Manu advances the science in Amazon Trip.
Four years ago our arrival in Pakitza – the second checkpoint inside the Manu Amazon Trip National Reserved Zone had a certain flavor of drama. The two boats in which we were traveling were moving too slowly amazon trip . With the last rays of the sun, the sign with the strange name finally appeared, on a high ravine, Pakit za in the reserve of the Manu Amazon Trip. We assumed that after introducing our documents and permits to the park rangers we might find, after several days of rain and wind, a certain human welcome amazon wildlife . After disembarking we climbed the slippery slope, waiting from one moment to another, in that remote corner of Madre de Dios, the appearance of the park rangers amazon wild . But the perception of emptiness around us was accentuated by the hustle and bustle of some birds that, busy around their nests, seemed echoes of a past life. Arriving at the booths of the post, the feeling of having become a “Snow White lost in the forest” was reinforced when the door of one of them gave way and appeared before us a table on which was a pair of candles with two bottles by candelabra amazon peru . It was as if someone had just left the place … a long time ago. Beyond, in the kitchen, we saw a burnt-out stove, some pieces of firewood, a frying pan with last oil and three dried onions. In another hut, which was accessed after crossing a dilapidated bridge, there were bedstros spread out in several rooms, mattresses unfastened and a palm roof that was defoliated, watering the floor of litter amazon wildlife . And there was not a soul. It turns out that the park rangers, tired of waiting for the payment of salaries and the sending of provisions, had gone to Cusco long ago wildlife peru . For seven long months they had hoped that the Park’s leadership would remember them … they were two days from the nearest town center, with no possibility of communication, mobilization or food. Its absence meant then that the Park was completely unprotected this reserve manu park (Amazon Trip) amazon peru .
Twenty thousand insects in the Manu Park Reserve – Amazon Trip.
Now our arrival in Pakitza is in stark contrast to that time of crisis that plagued the Manu Park Amazon Trip National Park, and the memory of the abandonment and neglect experience of 1983 increases the differences with the experience of 87 peru wild . At the top of the ridge the well-painted and rejuvenated constructions have multiplied. The steps built in the ravine facilitate the ascent amazon wildlife . And the activity around is not exclusively that of birds. Under the supervision of engineer Luis Yallico, head of the Park houses, warehouses, kitchen and sanitary services have emerged. The possibility of taking a shower and turn on the light at night are unusual luxuries in the Manu. It is that this year [1987] amazon trip , the control post of Pakitza Manu Park Amazon Trip has also become a scientific station, whereupon research activities related to the tropical forest are taking a new impulse in Peru, expanding the studies which for fifteen years has been taking place in Cocha-Cashu in Manu Park amazon peru . Amazon Trip The fact is corroborated by the participation of more than thirty students and ten instructors who with their work in 45 days have started the Bio-Lat program wild peru . The word “student” is just a way of saying, as many of them are already professionals, Peruvians who, in the future, will take charge of various projects related to the program. Conceived and directed by Dr amazon wildlife . Terry Erwin, an entomologist at the Smithsonian Institute of the United States, the project aims to mark six research areas around the world during the first season of the Man and Biosphere program of UNESCO. post from Pakitza. Previously, Dr amazon trip . Terry Erwin demonstrated from his experience in the Tambopata Reserve – also located in the department of Madre de Dios – that the biological diversity of Amazon Trip’s tropical forest is hundreds of times higher than previously thought, causing a major surprise in the world of the natural sciences. With a system designed by himself, he obtained insect samples in one of the most unknown environments on the planet amazon wildlife : the upper stratum or canopy of Amazonian trees, whose tops rise to 30,40 and 60 m above the ground wild peru . Following this method, previously developed in Panama, five types of vegetation were selected in Tambopata amazon wild . Delimited zones, fumigating bombs placed in neighboring trees spread a biodegradable substance on lots of 144 square meters. The insects that fell were collected in trays installed in the forest floor amazon peru . The amount and variety of insects obtained during a year of work exceeded to such an extent all the expectations that the news made impact in scientific circles amazon trip . According to results that are still being systematized, 20,000 different insect species were found in only five percent of the forest around Tambopata amazon wildlife . “These data,” says Dr. Erwin, “show that calculations of the variety of insects in the Amazon region have multiplied thirty times: from one million to thirty million amazon trip . “The concept of biological diversity is based on the determination of all existing species in an environment wild amazon . And just as zooplankton is of vital importance in the sea life chain, insects are an integral part of the Amazonian complexity. Insects represent much more than an annoying or curious presence of living organisms amazon trips . Apart from being important pollinators, they constitute food for birds, monkeys, bats and other animals, which in turn disperse the seeds of plants and trees, in a dynamic process that is indispensable to maintain the environmental balance in this reserve of the Manu Amazon Trip) amazon peru .
Bio-Lat Project of Manu Park Amazon Trip.
It is necessary to call attention to the irreparable loss that would mean for the future of humanity the disappearance of the genetic material on which our survival may depend amazon wildlife . In a world that is already beginning to worry about the scarcity of natural resources, it is logical that attention has focused on tropical forests as one of the most biologically diverse environments on the planet amazon trip . To design systems of exploitation, management and conservation of natural resources, the first step is to make an inventory of what exists amazon peru . This is one of the main objectives of the Bio-Lat Project which, with funding from the Agency for Development International (US-AID), the Smithsonian Institute and UNESCO, is being developed at Manu Park Amazon Trip. The preliminary designation of six research areas with polarized identification of the main trees and plants will allow establishing a permanent system of study of ecological diversity, which can be used by any scientist amazon wildlife . While the older animals – monkeys, tigers, sajinos, sachavacas and some birds – are relatively easy to observe and record, the issue is complicated when it comes to flora – in 5 kilometers around Pakitza in Manu Park Amazon Trip there are more species of plants that in all England and even more when dealing with the smaller animals: rodents, bats, amphibians, reptiles, fish and insects. The surprising data obtained in recent years, related to the less conspicuous species of flora and fauna, point out the little that is still known about the Amazonian environment, as well as its extreme complexity, allowing us to glimpse that the potential of the forest is much more vast of what was supposed so far. Scientific centers such as Bio-Lat and Cocha-Cashu will undoubtedly bring new revelations to this natural reserve of Manu Park (Amazon Trip).
Biodiversity Manu Park – Amazon Trip.
The term “biological diversity of Amazon Trip” – each common day – refers to the variety of species in general: plants and trees, insects, birds, reptiles and mammals in the water and on land, small organisms and great on the seas amazon peru . The present situation of the planet, characterized by the contamination of the seas, the destruction for agricultural purposes of all kinds of wild habitats, the desertification process and the deforestation of the tropical zones, has caused a dangerous deterioration of the biological diversity of the Manu Park Amazon Trip. Concern over the loss and extinction of thousands of species of flora and fauna has finally surpassed exclusively scientific circles to reach the political and bureaucratic means of many countries. In a world that is increasingly reduced by population growth, the disappearance of species in the southern hemisphere produces changes in the northern region, and vice versa amazon wildlife . As a result, environmental change is no longer a local problem to become a global concern. Hence, the efforts of governments and international entities have a global character in terms of environmental conservation, and that ecosystem management and recovery programs have been instituted without regard to ( Amazon Trip ) amazon peru .